Michigan has standard white-on-green milemarkers on US-131, US-127, M-39, M-10, M-14, and US-23.
IIRC, Indiana has them as well on US-31 and US-20, and IN-912.
Illinois does not. Instead, Illinois uses their circular postmile-type markers. However, when the East-West Tollway (I-88) was IL-5, it did have standard milemarkers, IIRC, marked from the beginning of IL-5, a bit west of the end of current I-88.
I also recall Wisconsin using standard milemarkers (US-51 and US-41 come to mind).