Delaware 7 connects the Upper Pike Creek Valley and the Hockessin area with Stanton and Churchmans Crossing to the north of Interstate 95, mostly as a four lane arterial. The route also parallels Delaware 1 south from Christiana, serving local and commuter traffic through suburban Bear and Red Lion to Wrangle Hill. Delaware 1 overlays the route by Christiana Mall and through interchanges with I-95 and Delaware 58 by the Stanton campus of Delaware Technical & Community College (DTCC).
The 1936-37 Official Delaware Highway Map shows Delaware 7 north from U.S. 13 (Dupont Highway) to the Pennsylvania state line at Southwood. The alignment is mostly the same today, with alignment changes around Christiana, Stanton, Milltown and the southern extension of Dupont Highway to U.S. 13 and Delaware 72 at Wrangle Hill.
Delaware 7 Highway Guides
Delaware 7 History and Guide
Completion of Delaware 1 north from the Chesapeake & Canal Bridge to Tybouts Corner in 1995 displaced a portion of U.S. 13 (Dupont Highway) between Delaware 7 (Bear Corbitt Road) north and Delaware 71 (Red Lion Road). Construction of the six lane freeway directly overlaid Dupont Highway across Red Lion Creek to Tybouts Corner. This left two segments of old alignment to the west of Delaware 1 near Red Lion for local use, and the Dupont Highway mainline south from Bear Corbitt Road to Delaware 72 (Wrangle Hill Road) as a southerly extension of Delaware 7.
Bear Corbitt Road takes Delaware 7 north to the settlement of Red Lion, where it meets Delaware 71 (Red Lion Road) at an angled intersection. The state route remains rural in design northward to the Norfolk Southern Railroad crossing in Bear. There it expands into in arterial style roadway through the commercialized intersection with U.S. 40 (Pulaski Highway). Bear is named after the 19th century Bear Tavern, which was once located at the cross roads with U.S. 40 (Elkton Road).
An overpass was previously proposed to take SR 7 over U.S. 40 to improve conditions at what was the deadliest intersection in the state. Those plans never materialized and development of the northeast quadrant of the junction proceeded with the addition of the Governor's Square Offices complex. The US 40 Corridor Program outlines a new roadway, the Eden Square Connector, between SR 7 and Eden Square Shopping Center to the southeast of U.S. 40 as an improvement for area traffic. Not yet funded in 2016, the connector includes a new signalized intersection along SR 7, but eliminates the left-hand turn from the retail area to U.S. 40 west, freeing up traffic at the adjacent SR 7.
Development lines the majority of SR 7 (Bear Christiana Road) north from U.S. 40 to SR 273 (Christiana Bypass). Growing traffic congestion led to a $5.9 million expansion project along a mile of the state route between Newtown Road and SR 273. Construction ran from April 2012 to 2014. It widened SR 7 to four lanes and made pedestrian and bicycle improvements while adding traffic lights at School Bell Lane.1
Newtown Road was originally proposed as a through road leading west from SR 1 to Salem Church Road. Community opposition halted construction, and only the road west from SR 7 to Smalleys Dam Road, and the Olde Mill Village community, was ever built. Future road work associated with SR 1 widening however may add a wye interchange from the freeway to SR 7 at Newtown Road.
The intersection of SR 7 and SR 273 (Christiana Bypass) was improved by late 2000 with the addition of a second left-hand turn lane from SR 273 west to SR 7 south. This area will change again once funding is obtained for the upgrade of the adjacent diamond interchange linking the Christiana Bypass with SR 1. A parclo interchange with a roundabout option will add a loop ramp from SR 7 (Bear Christiana Road) north to SR 1 south. A roundabout on the ramp system will tie into SR 7 (East Main Street) north into the unincorporated village of Christiana.
Through Christiana, SR 7 crosses the Christiana River along East Main Street. SR 273 bypasses to the west along a controlled access arterial. The two state routes formerly overlapped along Main Street prior to construction of the Christiana Bypass in the mid 1980s.
SR 7 turns onto North Old Baltimore Pike in Christiana through to a portion of Stanton Christiana Road located just west of SR 1 and Christiana Mall. The mall opened in 1978, and construction of the enclosed retail center coincided with changes to SR 7 and the adjacent interchange with Interstate 95. A trumpet style interchange connected SR 7 with Mall Road, the service road encircling Christiana Mall. This included a sharp curve through a signalized intersection that allowed traffic on SR 7 north to access Mall Road via a jug handle, and exiting traffic from the mall access to SR 7 north.2 The state route proceeded north through a full cloverleaf interchange with the Delaware Turnpike. That exchange previously consisted of partial access, with ramps at the nearby interchange with SR 273 completing movements to and from Christiana.
Construction of the SR 1 freeway north from SR 273 near Christiana to I-95 in 1991-93 further altered the alignment of SR 7 by Christiana Mall. The state route was realigned to dog leg east from Stanton Christiana Road to a new folded diamond interchange with SR 1. SR 1 and 7 then overlapped north to Interstate 95, where SR 1 ended. Work also eliminated the signal and sharp ramp from SR 7 south to Mall Road, modifying it with a more gradual loop ramp.2
Population increases in Bear, and along the U.S. 40 corridor, coupled with increases in beach bound traffic during the summer months, overwhelmed both the SR 1 and I-95 cloverleaf interchange and the adjacent stretch of freeway by Christiana Mall. A long planned upgrade of the interchange finally broke ground in 2011 to construct two high speed flyovers, from SR 1 north to I-95 north and from I-95 south to SR 1 south, and make other improvements to area ramps and better separate traffic by the mall. The southbound flyover opened to traffic in August 2013, and the northbound flyover in November 2013. The $111.9 million project was completed overall in spring 2014. For SR 7, concrete barriers now separate traffic from the main movements between SR 1 and I-95 as the state route proceeds north to SR 58 and the Stanton Campus of DTCC.
Prior construction from 1996 to 1999 along SR 7 north of I-95 constructed a parclo interchange (Exit 166) in place of the congested intersection with SR 58 (Churchmans Road). This coincided with a short extension of SR 1 north to the expressway end preceding AAA Boulevard east by the Morgan Christiana Center. Interchanges at I-95 and SR 58 were numbered Exits 100B/C and 101 respectively until the renumbering to use the kilometer based system used on SR 1 elsewhere.
Delaware 7 again rejoins Stanton Christiana Road north from Delaware 58 to combine with Delaware 4 east from Stanton Ogletown Road. Known as Churchmans Crossing, the area bound by Delaware Park to the north, I-95 to the south, and the Christiana Hospital vicinity to the west was previously named Metroform. Metroform was a large scale development planned in the 1980s/90s. Outside of the Fairplay train station at Delaware Park, plans for the town never materialized, and standard retail shopping centers and other development instead took place.
Delaware 4 and 7 combine with six lanes across White Clay Creek northward to the unincorporated community of Stanton. The controlled access arterial was constructed in the mid to late 1980s to bypass a narrow and flood prone stretch along Stanton Christiana Road, below the AMTRAK Northeast Corridor to the east. The previous T-intersection where the two combined, by the Hale-Brinton house state historical site, utilized two Eagle Flatback signals facing each direction. When work got underway for the bypass, traffic along Delaware 7 was detoured to follow Delaware 4 (Stanton Ogletown Road) west to Churchmans Road east to continue south to I-95. The old alignment of Delaware 4 now dead ends by the embankment for the overpass carrying the two state routes over the AMTRAK corridor.2
SR 4 & 7 bypass a concrete arch bridge over White Clay Creek as it curves northeast to intersect Delaware Park Boulevard and Telegraph Road. Both intersections were not signalized until the six-lane alignment opened.2 Just east of Telegraph Road, SR 4 & 7 separate into a one-way couplet of Mitch Road east and Main Street west at Stanton. The two routes split with SR 4 continuing east toward Newport and SR 7 joining Limestone Road north to the Pike Creek Valley. Originally this intersection was controlled by black painted Eagle signals with 12 inch red lens and 8 inch yellow/green lens.2
Limestone Road constitutes a four-lane divided arterial from Stanton north across a CSX Railroad line to SR 2 (Kirkwood Highway) and Milltown Road. Two sets of traffic lights, including those at Stanton Middle School, were added south of the CSX Railroad in the early 1990s. The congested intersection with Kirkwood Highway underwent traffic pattern changes in the 1990s, where DelDOT restriped SR 2 west to use two dedicated left turn lanes, before returning to three through lanes for westbound traffic.2
SR 7 (Limestone Road) curves northwest from the partition with McKennans Church Road as both intersect Milltown Road by Milltown Shopping Center. Previously Eagle doghouse signals with 12 inch red lens operated at Milltown and Limestone Roads. Of note during that time period, the access road linking SR 7 north with McKennans Church Road by Mealey Funeral Home was not yet built. This resulted in traffic congestion due drivers making back to back turns onto Milltown Road east and McKennans Church Road north. Widening of SR 7 resulted in enhancement of the signal system here, with successive signals operating along Milltown Road.2
Winding west from Milltown, SR 7 (Limestone Road) gains over 180 feet in elevation as it climbs toward Linden Hill Road and Goldey Beacom College. Linden Hill Road winds west to Polly Drummond Hill Road. Stoney Batter Road follows east from SR 7 and Skyline Drive to the Limestone Hills community and Mill Creek Road east to SR 41. The intersection of Mermaid Boulevard, and what is today Mermaid-Stoney Batter Road, was quite different in the early eighties. Whereas today Mermaid-Stoney Batter Road runs just adjacent to Goldey Beacom College, that road was at one time just an emptying point for traffic exiting the parking lots there.2
Continuing north, Delaware 7 (Limestone Road) intersects Ocheltree Lane at the Shops at Limestone Hills. The center opened in the late 1980s, coinciding with the addition of traffic lights.2 Delaware 72 ends just to the north at Paper Mill Road. The state route arcs southwest toward Newark.
Four lane expansion of Limestone Road north from Delaware 72 to Brackenville Road was underway between 1999 and 2003. Widening replaced the blinking green signals at the entrances to Jarrell Farms and Mendenhall Village with conventional traffic lights.2
Nearing the Hockessin vicinity, Delaware 7 intersects Brackenville Road east / Little Baltimore Road west and Valley Road. Both of these intersections were the site of numerous accidents, but remained without traffic lights until the late 1980s. Rush Wickes added:2
According to what I have been told, U.S. Senator Joe Biden's first wife was killed along with their daughter, while his two young sons in the back were seriously injured after being struck by a truck at the [Valley Road] intersection in 1972. They were on a trip to go shopping for a Christmas tree at the time.
Despite suburban development extending to the Pennsylvania state line, the final 1.7 miles of Delaware 7 (Limestone Road) carry two lanes. Limestone Road otherwise extends another 0.9 miles as a unnumbered route to a grade separated intersection with Pennsylvania 41 (Gap Newport Pike) at Kaolin. Historically Delaware 7 was a concrete roadway from Milltown Road north to Chester County, Pennsylvania.2
Delaware 7 - 2015 Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT)
- 5,375 - U.S. 13 / SR 72 to South Dupont Highway
- 10,902 - SR 71 to Bear Tybouts Road
- 15,705 - Bear Tybouts Road to U.S. 40
- 18,636 - Newtown Road to SR 273
- 3,277 - SR 273 to Old Baltimore Pike
- 7,732 - Main Street to Mall Road
- 90,054 - SR 58 to SR 4
- 53,369 - SR 4 (Ogletown Stanton Road) to split with SR 7
- 47,001 - SR 4 to SR 2
- 37,558 - Milltown Road to Arundel Drive
- 27,329 - Stoney Batter Road to SR 72
- 16,247 - Valley Road to Pennsylvania state line
|Delaware 7 scenes|
|The off-ramp (Exit 164) from SR 1 north to SR 7 (Road A) south becomes Center Boulevard north from Christiana Fashion Center to Christiana Mall. Road A spans the adjacent freeway west to Stanton Christiana Road. Photo taken 12/30/16.|
|Fashion Center Boulevard spurs east to adjacent big box retail while Road A leads west to ramps with SR 1 and SR 7. Photo taken 12/30/16.|
|Currently a concrete divider separates traffic for SR 1 & 7 north to I-95 from Road A west to SR 1 and SR 7 south. Road work anticipated for fall 2018 to fall of 2019 will construct a second overpass for Road A to increase capacity. Photo taken 12/30/16.|
|Single lanes of traffic converge beyond the northbound on-ramp to SR 1 & 7. Road A passes over the freeway through to the west side ramps, where SR 7 southbound departs from SR 1. Photo taken 12/30/16.|
|A new three lane carriageway will be added to the right in this scene by 2019, bringing Road A to six overall lanes from the SR 1 underpass to the turn of SR 7 south onto Stanton Christiana Road. Photo taken 12/30/16.|
|A flyover separates from the main ramp linking Interstate 95 south with Delaware 1 south for both Delaware 7 south to Christiana and Mall Road east to Christiana Mall. Photo taken 09/27/14.|
|Motorists remaining on the I-95 ramp beyond the Mall Road turn off approach the folded diamond interchange where Delaware 1 and 7 separate. Photo taken 09/27/14.|
|Delaware 7 loops away from Delaware 1 south to rejoin Stanton Christiana Road to the west by Faith City. Photo taken 09/27/14.|
|An I-95 trailblazer directs drivers exiting Christiana Mall east along Delaware 7 north to its loop ramp onto Delaware 1 north. Photo taken 09/27/14.|
|A narrow underpass takes Telegraph Road below the CSX Railroad line between SR 4 & 7 and St. James Church Road. Photo taken 12/30/16.|
|Milltown Road westbound expands to three lanes ahead of McKennans Church Road north and SR 7 (Limestone Road). McKennans Church Road veers northeast from Limestone Road to Delaware 41 (Newport Gap Pike) outside of Hockessin. Photo taken 06/05/12.|
|The short stretch of Milltown Road between McKennans Church Road and SR 7 provides little space for vehicles to queue, therefore signals for both intersections are sequence together. Photo taken 07/03/10.|
|A pair of left-turn lanes for SR 7 (Limestone Road) south are provided due to the influx of vehicles joining Milltown Road west from southbound McKennans Church Road. Photo taken 06/05/12.|
|Milltown Road intersects a section of Old Limestone Road just east of Mill Creek and west of Delaware 7 (Limestone Road). Photo taken 12/21/16.|
|SR 7 north curves west from Milltown en route through the Pike Creek Valley toward Hockessin. The state route leads south from Milltown Road by Limestone Acres and Limestone Gardens to SR 2 (Kirkwood Highway) and Stanton. Photo taken 12/21/16.|
- SR 7, Newtown Road to SR 273. Delaware Department of Transportation, project web site. Accessed February 28, 2017.
- Wickes, Rush, email. "A History of Limestone Road."
2010-07-03, 2012-06-05, 2012-06-23, 2014-09-27, 2016-12-21, 2016-12-22, 2016-12-30 by AARoads
Page Updated 03-21-2017.