The California state capitol building resides along 10th Street beyond the eastern end of Capitol Mall. The state legislature meets in this historic building, which was built to emulate the design of the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C. The west end of Capitol Mall ties into the Tower Bridge, a 1935-built lift bridge connecting Downtown Sacramento with West Sacramento.
The city of Sacramento is the capital of the state of California and serves as the seat of Sacramento County. A regional employment center, Sacramento sits at the intersection of Interstate 5, Interstate 80 (former U.S. 40), U.S. 50, and California 99 (former U.S. 99). Several state routes — including California 16, California 65, California 84, California 113, California 104, California 160, California 193, and California 275 (Tower Bridge) — all converge in the metropolitan area. Interstate 80 divides into bypass and business routes, with Interstate 80 avoiding downtown by staying to the north and Business Loop I-80 (Capital City Freeway) directly entering the city as a freeway and looping from Interstate 80 between West Sacramento and Roseville.
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Located at the confluence of the Sacramento and American Rivers in the Central Valley near the California Delta, Sacramento had a population of 466,488 as of the 2010 Census, which represents an increase from the 2000 city population of 407,018. Not counted in this total are the nearby suburban cities and unincorporated communities. Sitting at an elevation of 25 feet, Sacramento lays at the valley floor. Sacramento was incorporated as a city on February 27, 1850. The centerpiece of downtown is the state capitol building, which lays at the end of Capitol Mall. The state capitol building was constructed between 1860 and 1874.