Business Loop I-83

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Business Loop I-83 connects Interstate 83 with York as the freeway bypasses the city to the east. The alignment follows a portion of the pre-freeway route of U.S. 111 along Georges Street, from the freeway end at Violet Hill, through Downtown to North York and back to I-83 at Exit 22. Business Loop 83 follows a freeway from Violet Hill southward to Exit 15 of I-83. That roadway was opened to traffic in 1959, along with future Interstate 83, signed then as U.S. 111, from the Maryland state line to PA 74 (South Queen Street). This coincided with the creation of U.S. 111 Alternate along the former surface route leading north into Violet Hill, York.1

U.S. 111 Alternate was extended through York along the former in-city route of U.S. 111 through York when Interstate 83 was completed through East York. This designation lasted until 1961, when it was decommissioned and the portion through York resigned as Business Loop I-83.1

The alignment of Business Loop I-83 follows George Street through Downtown York. This was not always the case as George Street was a one-way street in the southbound direction until 2001.2 Until that time, Business Loop I-83 northbound followed Jackson Street east to Duke Street north to Philadelphia Street (PAa 462) west back to George Street.

Reconstruction of the freeway portion of Business Loop I-83 occurred as part of an overall project involving the interchange with I-83. This $57.9-million project upgraded the wye interchange at the south end of Business Loop I-83 to a three-level interchange with access in all directions. Work ran from May 2003 to December 6, 2006.3

Business Loop I-83 North
Historically, Business Loop I-83 began at a single wye interchange from a left side ramp of Interstate 83 north. Just north of that partition was this scene and reassurance marker. Photo taken 01/15/00.
Ramps from the tri-level interchange with Interstate 83 converge ahead of the first shield for Business 83. Reconstruction of the freeway spur into York replaced the concrete roadway with asphalt and the grassy median with a gravel median. Photo taken 06/27/10.
Business 83 winds northward into Spring Garden Township and the York city limits along its freeway. Photo taken 06/27/10.
The freeway of Business Loop 83 concludes at a wye interchange with South George Street (old U.S. 111) just outside the York city limits. Photo taken 06/27/10.
Traffic from Business 83 and South George Street combine at this traffic light. South George Street enters York from Violet Hill. Photo taken 06/27/10.
South George Street sees a signalized intersection with West Drive and the entrance to York Hospital. Photo taken 06/27/10.
A Business Loop I-83 shield was posted after West Drive but missing after 2009. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Country Club Road heads west from the intersection of South George Street and Rathton Road to York College of Pennsylvania and Richland Avenue near the Wyndham Hills community. Business Loop I-83 reduces to a single through lane at this traffic light. Photo taken 06/27/10.
Reassurance marker for Business 83 posted after Country Club and Rathton Roads. Photo taken 10/13/04.
The intersection of S George Street with Jackson Street in south York. Business Loop I-83 northbound once turned east onto Jackson Street two blocks to Duke Street north. Photo taken 10/13/04.
36 inch traffic signals at Business Loop I-83 (S George Street) and Cottage Place. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Northbound at the signalized intersection with College Avenue south of downtown York. College Avenue becomes Pennsylvania 124 east of its intersection with Pennsylvania 74 (Queen Street). Photo taken 10/13/04.
Reassurance marker posted between Princess and King Streets in downtown York. King Street flows eastbound one block south of Pennsylvania 462 (Market Street) eastbound. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Pennsylvania 462 is not acknowledged as Business 83 (South George Street) intersects Market Street. Pennsylvania 462 westbound uses Philadelphia Street one block to the north. The state route represents the original alignment of U.S. 30 through the city of York. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Business Loop I-83 (N George Street) northbound at Arch Street and Codorus Creek. A four lane concrete bridge spans the creek between Arch Street and Hamilton Avenue ahead. Replacing a steel arch bridge, the $2.38-million bridge opened on July 16, 2001.4 Photo taken 10/13/04.
Northbound at the east end of Jefferson Avenue on North George Street. Jefferson Avenue comprises a residential street west from Business 83 to Newberry Street and Farquhar Park. Photo taken 10/13/04.
North George Street enters the borough of North York beyond Parkway Boulevard and next sees traffic lights at the split intersection with Seventh Avenue. Photo taken 10/13/04.
2 photos
2 photos
Northbound reassurance shield posted at the North George Street intersection with Eighth Avenue. Note the sign replacement between 2000 and 2004. Photo taken 07/01/00. Second photo taken 10/13/04.
Posted near the intersection with Tenth Avenue, a non-cutout Business Loop I-83 shield was the final reassurance marker along N George Street. It was removed by October 2008. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Business Loop I-83 (N George Street) approaching U.S. 30 (Arsenal Road) and PA 181. PA 181 begins at the upcoming traffic signal and travels northward along N George Street to Emigsville. Photo taken 10/13/04.
U.S. 30 shields reside at the intersection with Eleventh Avenue for the Arsenal Road junction ahead. Arsenal Road, and Loucks Road to the west, represent a heavily traveled commercial corridor between northwestern reaches of York and Codorus Creek. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Interstate 83 trailblazers direct motorists to the nearby freeway at the Arsenal Road three-quarter cloverleaf interchange. Use U.S. 30 east for Interstate 83 south and Pennsylvania 181 (North George Street) north for Interstate 83 north. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Business Loop I-83 is unsigned along the half mile overlap with PA 181 between U.S. 30 (Arsenal Road) and Interstate 83 at Exit 22. U.S. 30 is the main route from York west to Gettysburg and east to Lancaster. Photo taken 10/13/04.
The first northbound shield for Pennsylvania 181 and its companion trailblazer for Interstate 83. The intersection between U.S. 30 (Arsenal Road) and North George Street saw widening during the early 2000s to improve the flow of traffic. Pennsylvania 181 is briefly four lanes because of the project. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Guide sign advising northbound motorists to move into the right lane for Interstate 83 and the continuation of Pennsylvania 181 northward. The left-land becomes a turn lane for Lightner Road west. Photo taken 06/01/04.
Business Loop I-83/PA 181 (N George Street) north at the southbound entrance ramp to Interstate 83. I-83 bypasses York to the southeast through East York. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Business Loop I-83 concludes at the northbound on-ramp to Interstate 83. Photo taken 10/13/04.
PA 181 (North George Street) continues northward four miles to Emigsville and the borough of Manchester. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Business Loop I-83 South
Business Loop I-83 combines with Pennsylvania 181 south from Interstate 83 (Exit 22) along North George Street. The two share pavement for one half mile between Exit 22 and U.S. 30 (Arsenal Road). Business Loop I-83 however is unsigned on the stretch with Pennsylvania 181. Photo taken 10/13/04.
U.S. 30 upgrades to a freeway from near East York to Lancaster, 23 miles to the east. Westward, U.S. 30 follows commercialized Arsenal and Loucks Roads to Kenneth Road and the West York bypass freeway on the 31-mile trek to Gettysburg. Photo taken 10/13/04.
PA 181 ends and Business Loop I-83 emerges as a signed route along N George Street beyond U.S. 30 (Arsenal Road). U.S. 30 crosses paths with Interstate 83 nearby, but access is only available to southbound. Photo taken 10/13/04.
The first southbound reassurance shield of Business Loop I-83 stands along N George Street between Arsenal Road and Eleventh Avenue. N George Street narrows to two lanes through the borough of North York. Photo taken 06/01/04.
2 photos
2 photos
A second reassurance marker for Business 83 lies along North Street after the signalized intersection with 7th Avenue in North York. An original 18" shield for the route remained in service until 2000. Photo taken 07/01/00. Second photo taken 06/01/04.
Descending toward Codorus Creek and the York city limits on Business Loop I-83 south ahead of Parkway Boulevard. Photo taken 06/01/04.
The original Codorus Creek truss bridge of North George Street. The structure was replaced with a four-lane concrete span that opened July 16, 2001 as part of a $2.38-million project.4 Photo taken 07/01/00.
Business Loop I-83 (North George Street) south at PA 462 (Philadelphia Street) westbound in Downtown York. PA 462 eastbound follows Market Street one block to the south. The state route follows the original alignment of U.S. 30 between Kurtz Place and Lancaster. Photo taken 06/01/04.
Leaving the intersection with Country Club Road west and Rathton Road east, Business Loop I-83 (South George Street) leaves York ahead of its split with the freeway back to Interstate 83. Photo taken 06/27/10.
West Drive connects South George Street with York Hospital as Business Loop I-83 enters a wye interchange. Photo taken 06/27/10.
Business Loop I-83 splits with South George Street as former U.S. 111 winds along the freeway to Violet Hill in Spring Garden Township. Photo taken 06/27/10.
The 2.2-mile freeway of Business Loop I-83 defaults motorists to Interstate 83 with no exits otherwise. This scene looks at the Powder Mill Road under crossing. Photo taken 06/27/10.
Approaching the tri-level interchange with Interstate 83 in York Township on Business 83 south. Photo taken 06/27/10.
Originally Business Loop I-83 defaulted onto the left side of Interstate 83 ahead of Leader Heights. 2003-06 construction redesigned the interchange to add a sweeping ramp onto northbound. Photo taken 06/27/10.
Drivers turning back north on Interstate 83 are advised of the next three exits, all of which serve the east side of York. Photo taken 06/27/10.
Business Loop I-83 scenes
An Interstate 83 trailblazer directs motorists on Country Club Road east onto Business Loop I-83 south at South Georges Street. Photo taken 06/27/10.

Sources:

  1. Pennsylvania Highways: US 111 (Decommissioned).
  2. Pennsylvania Highways: Interstate 83 Business Routes.
  3. "Curve finally dead The ramp from Business 83 S to I-83 N opens today." York Daily Record (PA), December 6, 2006.
  4. "George Street Bridge Opens Bridge is crossed It lacks its predecessor's steel arch, but the ride is smoother." York Daily Record (PA), July 17, 2001.


Photo Credits:

01/15/00, 07/01/00, 06/01/04, 10/13/04, 06/27/10 by AARoads

Connect with:
Interstate 83
U.S. 30

Page Updated 06-11-2013.