Downtown Mobile - Mardi Gras 2009

Looking north at the Mobile skyline from Fort Condé at dusk. Photo taken 02/06/09 ahead of the Maids of Mirth Mardi Gras Parade.

Airport Boulevard

See the Mobile County 56 - Airport Boulevard guide for coverage on Mobile's busiest arterial route.

Air Terminal Drive

Completed in October 2010, Air Terminal Drive links a new five-point roundabout at an extended Grelot Road with Dawes Road to the south with the Mobile Regional Airport terminal loop at Airport Boulevard. The new alignment provides an alternate to Airport Boulevard / Schillinger Road for airport travelers.

Air Terminal Drive south
Traveling south along the 2010-opened Air Terminal Drive from Airport Boulevard and Mobile Regional Airport (MOB). Photo taken 11/05/10.
A five-point roundabout facilitates the movements between Air Terminal Drive south, Grelot Road, and Dawes Road (Mobile County 33). Photo taken 11/05/10.
Dawes Road travels northeast to Airport Boulevard and southwest to Dees. Grelot Road begins and heads east from Dawes Road to University Boulevard. Grelot Road west currently ends nearby, but is proposed to continue west to Snow Road. Photo taken 11/05/10.

Bankhead Tunnel (U.S. 98)

Opened February 20, 1941, the Bankhead Tunnel carries U.S. 98 between downtown at Government Street to the west end of Battleship Parkway. The tunnel was built at a cost of $4 million and is 3,389 feet in length.3 A toll plaza situated at the east portal of the tunnel collected tolls from 1941 through to the mid 1970s. The speed limit is 35 mph, and the tube carries two lanes of travel with no pedestrians or non-motorized vehicular traffic permitted.

U.S. 98 East - Mobile County
U.S. 98 West - Mobile County

Bay Bridge Road (U.S. 90/Truck U.S. 98)

Bay Bridge Road loops to the north of downtown Mobile and the State Docks. The road carries U.S. 90 and Truck U.S. 98 signage as it crosses the Africatown-Cochrane cable-stayed bridge over the Mobile River. Speed limits on the road vary from 45 in Prichard to 55 on the east shore of the Mobile River.

U.S. 90 East - Mobile County
U.S. 90 West - Mobile County

Broad Street (U.S. 90/98/Truck U.S. 98)

Once the roadway for five different U.S. routes and two U.S. Truck routes, the highway now carries U.S. 90, 98, and Truck U.S. 98. The roadway is part of the downtown area Hank Aaron Loop, named after the Major League Baseball home run king and Mobile Native. The road is orientated in a north-south fashion between Interstate 10 and Martin Luther King Junior Boulevard, providing downtown traffic with exits to the city. Bishop State Community College is situated along the northern part of the street, where Broad Street carries six lanes on the western fringes of the central business district. South of U.S. 90/98/Government Street, Broad Street leaves downtown and passes through older residential areas that are in an unfortunate state of decline.

Broad Street north
Leaving the Brookley Field industrial area south of Interstate 10 along Broad Street northbound. Ahead is a CSX Railroad overpass and the folded diamond interchange with the freeway. Photo taken 11/03/03.
Lost in the brush of Broad Street was this button copy guide sign for Pensacola and the Interstate 10 eastbound ramp. The ramp departs beyond the CSX Railroad overpass as part of a split-diamond interchange linking the freeway with both Broad and Duval Streets. Photo taken 11/03/03.
A look at the CSX Railroad span over Broad Street before the eastbound on-ramp to Interstate 10. Photo taken 11/03/03.
Traffic bound for Interstate 10 west utilizes a service road between Broad and Duval Streets before joining the freeway ahead of Michigan Avenue (Exit 23). Photo taken 05/25/12.
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2 photos
Northbound split of Washington Street from Broad Street in the Birdville community of south Mobile. The Traffic Signal Corporation lights pictured here were replaced with Eagle Mark IV's in the mid 2000s. Photo taken 03/28/02. Second photo taken 05/25/12.
Virginia Street meets Broad at the next traffic light. Virginia Street connects the McDuffie Island industrial area and Interstate 10 (Exit 25) with Ladd Peebles Stadium and Houston Street to the west. Photo taken 05/25/12.
Texas Street provides a through street east from Broad Street to a half-diamond interchange with Interstate 10 east (Exit 26A). Everett Street ties into this signalized intersection from Government Street to the northwest.
These mast-arm assemblies replaced a span-wire setup after May 2009. Photo taken 05/25/12.
Broad Street kinks northwest from the west end of Canal Street and becomes a part of the Henry Aaron Loop around downtown Mobile. Canal Street constitutes a four-lane divided parkway east to Exit 26A of Interstate 10 and Water Street. Photo taken 05/25/12.
Broad Street perspective of the former terminus of U.S. 31, 43, 45, and Truck U.S. 90 at Government Street. Now U.S. 90 enters from the left and turns north on Broad Street, with U.S. 98 continuing on Government Street to the right from Broad Street southbound. Left turns are prohibited from U.S. 90/Government Street east to Broad Street north, with traffic forced to loop via Jefferson and Church Streets to Broad Street in a jug handle type fashion. Photo taken 05/23/09.
Broad Street south
Junction Interstate 10 shield along Broad Street southbound as it approaches the folded diamond interchange with Interstate 10. Many of the shields posted at interchanges with I-10 were badly faded or damaged. Date stamping indicated a placement of October 1982. Photo taken 11/19/03.

Beauregard Street (U.S. 90/98)

Continuation of Broad Street and U.S. 90/Truck U.S. 98 eastward to Interstate 165/Water Street and the Alabama State Docks. The highway is also six lanes with original concrete in place. The Mobile Register building built in the early 2000s is located at the corner of Beauregard and Water Streets.

Beauregard Street east
Beauregard Street continues a short distance east from U.S. 90 & 98 Truck and Water Street to a split with the Robert M. Hope Overpass to the Alabama State Docks. The street ends at Dekle Drive north and Delchamps Drive south underneath; Dekle Road eventually connects with Telegraph Road (old U.S. 43). Photo taken 04/24/09.
Beauregard Street west
Westbound leaving the State Docks area at the Gulf-Ohio Railroad Building. The intersection ahead is at Water Street and Interstate 165, U.S. 90 and Truck U.S. 98, with the Mobile Register building to the left. Photo taken 07/17/07.

Canal Street

Canal Street begins as a two-lane road from Old Water Street up to the Water Street Extension at Interstate 10 exit 26. Canal Street then becomes a multi-lane highway with grassy median westward until it ends at Broad Street. The "service road" running parallel to Canal Street from Lawrence to Broad Streets used to be the original Canal Street before the urban renewal project of the 1970s, which yielded the multi-highway version of Canal Street. Canal Street is part of Mardi Gras parade route in Mobile and is part of the Hank Aaron Loop around downtown.4

An original button copy guide sign for Interstate 10 west posted along Canal Street east ahead of Claiborne Street. The adjacent on-ramp serves traffic from downtown and the Mobile Civic Center. Photo taken 03/18/12.
A half diamond interchange currently joins the south side of Canal Street with Interstate 10 adjacent to a directional interchange adding ramps to Water Street. This configuration is due to change as part of a $24-million project proposed to dismantle ramps for Water Street and reconfigure the junction with Canal Street into a diverging diamond interchange. Photo taken 03/18/12.

Claiborne Street

Claiborne Street represents the main gateway into downtown Mobile from Interstate 10 eastbound. The highway carries four lanes with a concrete median between Canal Street and the Jackson and Conception Street confluence. Along this stretch is the Mobile Civic Center. The roadway is partially blocked off during Mardi Gras season as the lanes are turned into a staging area for the musical portions of the parades.

Looking east from the median of Claiborne Street at Mobile Government Plaza and the Lafayette Plaza Hotel. The Interstate 10 Water Street interchange is situated to the right (south). Jackson Street (Claiborne Street north) splits with Conception Street in the distance. Photo taken 10/28/03.
Interstate 10 trailblazer posted along Claiborne Street southbound ahead of Civic Center Drive after the intersection with Church Street. This scene took place during the Mardi Gras parade season. Mardi Gras parades originate and conclude in a staging area set up along Civic Center Drive and Lawrence Street surrounding the Mobile Civic Center. Marching bands and band floats stage in an area of Claiborne Street east of the Civic Center. Photo taken 02/24/09.
The last 1958 MUTCD specifications based shield for Interstate 10 in Mobile was posted at the Mobile Civic Center exit onto Claiborne Street. Date stamped October 11, 1972, the shield was posted after the opening of I-10 south of Downtown. Photo taken 10/28/03.
A new Interstate 10 shield assembly replaced the 32 year old signs at the Mobile Civic Center exit on May 24, 2004. Fortunately the original assembly is now stored for historic preservation. Photo taken 05/30/04.
The Claiborne Street westbound approach of the joint intersection of Canal & Water Streets. A folded diamond interchange facilitates movements onto Interstate 10 westbound ahead. Claiborne Street becomes a westbound frontage road of Interstate 10 through to the Texas Street off-ramp. Photo taken 05/30/04.

Conception Street/Road

North-south roadway that extends Conception Street out of Mobile northward into Prichard. The highway is dwarfed by Interstate 165 to the east, and passes by wetlands areas before entering an industrial area. The north end is at the Craft Highway adjacent to Interstate 165 and U.S. 90 at Bay Bridge Road.

Conception Street/Road once carried U.S. 43 from Beauregard Street at Water Street northward to Telegraph Road. During Fall of 2001, a bridge on Telegraph Road over a railroad spur adjacent to Interstate 165 was permanently closed. Thus, truncating U.S. 43 north to the intersection of Telegraph Road at Traffic Street near U.S. 90 in Prichard.

Conception Street Road north
Departing Interstate 165 along Conception Street Road northbound. The highway saw resurfacing to coincide with the completion of the Gulf Mobile & Ohio Transit Center nearby. Photo taken 11/03/03.
The scene along Conception Street Road northbound near the site of the former Viaduct Bridge. Note that the new lane configuration. Photo taken 11/03/03.
A grassy area and barricade is all that remains at the site of the Viaduct Bridge. Tracks associated with the Alabama State Docks rail yard exist beyond the barrier. Photo taken 11/03/03.
Conception Street Road turns north from below the I-165 southbound viaduct to Prichard. U.S. 43 historically turned south from Telegraph Road here and continued by the Jackson Street public housing complex to Beauregard Street. Photo taken 11/21/08.
A look to the north from Conception Street Road at the merge of the Interstate 165 viaducts. The guide sign reads "Prichard" and refers to the connection with the Craft Highway to the north. Photo taken 11/03/03.
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Northbound Conception Street Road paralleling the Interstate 165 viaduct. The landscape from this location northward for two miles consists of wetlands associated with Three Mile Creek. A bridge stub to the left is a remnant from a former viaduct linking Joachim Street with Telegraph Road. Photos taken 11/21/08.
Conception Street Road ends at Bay Bridge Road, midway between Craft Highway and Interstate 165, U.S. 90, and U.S. 98 Truck. Photo taken 11/21/08.
Conception Street Road south
Conception Street Road southbound at the flasher with Dumaine Road west. Dumaine Road spurs into an adjacent industrial park. Industrial businesses and a water treatment plant line the two-lane road northwest of Three Mile Creek. Photo taken 11/21/08.
Traveling along side the Interstate 165 viaduct on Conception Street Road near the original merge with Telegraph Road (old U.S. 43). Photo taken 11/21/08.
Conception Street Road splits into a one-way street couplet adjacent to Interstate 165. Northbound provides access from the GM&O Transportation Center to Conception Street Road south for return access to Water and Beauregard Streets. Originally U.S. 43 entered from the Telegraph Road viaduct and followed the frontage road south to Beauregard Street west. Photo taken 11/21/08.
Conception Street Road south at the on-ramp to Interstate 165's southern terminus (Water Street). Conception Street Road continues a short distance to a cu-de-sac opposite Beauregard Street with a connection to Bloodgood Street west. Photo taken 11/21/08.

Congress Street

East-west street linking Downtown with Bishop State Community College and St. Stephens Road. Congress Street turns at Broad Street to parallel State and Adams Street in the northern reaches of the central business district.

Congress Street east
Congress street at Kennedy Street facing downtown Mobile. This one-piece four-way signal and associated assembly was deactivated with the signals flashing red. They have since been replaced with a double red flasher. The main campus of Bishop State Community college is straight ahead. Photo taken 03/05/02.
Congress Street west
Congress Street westbound at the intersection with Kennedy Street. The aforementioned double flasher replaced the original traffic light assemblies. Kennedy Street was once a more prominent through street, but its role has decreased significantly. Photo taken 05/09/09.
The western end of Congress Street at the five point intersection with U.S. 45/Saint Stephens Road & Catherine Street. 24" Eagle brand signals were posted at this junction until late 2008. Photo taken 10/29/03.

Cottage Hill Road

Cottage Hill Road begins as a two-lane road from Grant Street (the road where Florida Street ends south of Airport Boulevard). It becomes a multi-lane highway west of Bel Air Mall Boulevard through to Schillinger Road (Mobile County 31).

The road runs through Interstate 65, Azalea Road, University Boulevard, Cody and Schillinger Roads until it ends at County Road 36.

Cottage Hill Road used to be part of the infamous "Malfunction Junction" intersection at the I-65 service roads. If you were living in Mobile between the 1970s and the mid-1980s, you would notice four-way stop signs erected along Cottage Hill and Pleasant Valley Roads at the two Interstate 65 service roads. Traffic jams stretching a few miles along Cottage Hill and Pleasant Valley Roads were not uncommon in those days -- a reflection of population moving westward. Traffic control is lot better, thanks to the widening of Cottage Hill Road east of Montlimar Drive and the erection of traffic signals at the service roads during the mid-1980s.4

See the Cottage Hill Road section of the Mobile County Roads guide for photographs and coverage of the County portion of the highway.

Cottage Hill Road east
North Demetropolis Road heads south from Cottage Hill Road to Burma Road east before joining its new alignment en route to U.S. 90 (Government Boulevard). Photo taken 07/17/07.
Entering the busy intersection of Cottage Hill Road east with Azalea Road. Azalea Road leads north to Airport Boulevard at McGregor Avenue and south to Halls Mill Road (Mobile County 28). Photo taken 07/17/07.
Cottage Hill Road west
Cottage Hill Road angles southwest from the Bel Air Mall area and meets the eastern branch of Pleasant Valley Road. Pleasant Valley Road was bisected with the construction of Interstate 65. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Drivers pass under Interstate 65 without direct access between the East and West Service Roads. There is no access to Pleasant Valley Road west from Cottage Hill Road west either. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Montlimar Drive ventures north from Cottage Hill Road to Pleasant Valley Road, the Mobile Festivale Centre, and Airport Boulevard. Lakeside Drive meanders southward through the Lakeside Commercial Park to U.S. 90 (Government Boulevard) west of its interchange with Interstate 65. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Entering the busy intersection of Cottage Hill Road west with Azalea Road. The cross roads are complicated by traffic emanating from the adjacent Fonde Elementary School and a shopping center. Azalea Road otherwise provides a four-lane route south to U.S. 90 and north to Airport at McGregor Avenue. Photo taken 07/16/07.
North Demetropolis Road represents the original Demetropolis Road leading south to Halls Mill Road. The old alignment still provides a through route southward to Burman Road and the relocated Demetropolis Road. Photo taken 07/16/07.
University Boulevard begins its northbound trek from Cottage Hill Road to the University of South Alabama and U.S. 98 (Moffett Road). The road was extended southward in 2003 as a relocated Demetropolis Road. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Cody Road (Mobile County 37) north and Sollie Road south meet Cottage Hill Road in this scene. Mobile County 37 used to represent the western extent of the Mobile city limits, but 2007 annexations have expanded portions of the municipal boundaries to Schillinger Road. Photo taken 07/16/07.

Dauphin Street

Dauphin Street originally existed between downtown Mobile and mid-town Mobile near Interstate 65. During the 1960s and 1970s, Dauphin Street was extended with a new interchange for Interstate 65 westward to McGregor Road as a four lane divided parkway.

Downtown is where Dauphin Street gains its notoriety. The one-way street eastbound cuts through the entertainment and bar district of downtown. Known as the LoDa (Lower Dauphin Street Entertainment District)1, attractions include the nearby Saenger Theatre (home to the Mobile Symphony) and Bienville Square.

An article in the November 17, 2003 Mobile Register indicates that the final block of Dauphin Street, Royal Street altogether, and the easternmost block of Saint Francis Street will all be converted from one-way streets to two-way avenues. These changes are sought to improve the accessibility of the under construction RSA Tower and adjacent Battle House Hotel.2

Dauphin Street east - Midtown
Dauphin Street eastbound at the North Beltline Highway. The Beltline Highway is the formal name for the Interstate 65 frontage road system. The parallel roadways begin at U.S. 90/Government Boulevard and travel northward to Spring Hill Avenue. They are home to several businesses and provide access between the east-west arterials. Photo taken 10/31/03.
Dauphin Street eastbound is divided with a grassy and tree lined median between McGregor Avenue and Sage Avenue. This photograph looks at one of several traffic lights for shopping complexes and local roadways east of Interstate 65. Northgate Drive is the name of the intersecting roadway. Photo taken 10/31/03.
At Midtown Park East, another set of traffic signals await eastbound Dauphin Street motorists. The highway is busy with commuter and local traffic during the day. Photo taken 10/31/03.
Sage Avenue marks the location of the next eastbound traffic light of Dauphin Street. Sage Avenue is a secondary arterial serving Midtown Mobile. The roadway travels north from Cottage Hill Road, passing by the Bel Air Mall and former Springdale Mall site at Airport Boulevard, to Old Shell Road to the north. Photo taken 10/31/03.
The landscaped median of Dauphin Street gives way to a center turn lane east from Sage Avenue to Florida Street. Florida Street is another secondary arterial linking U.S. 98 (Spring Hill Avenue) with U.S. 90 (Government Street) through Midtown Mobile.
East from the at-grade crossing with the Norfolk Southern Railroad, Dauphin Street transitions into residential areas. Photo taken 10/31/03.
Dauphin Street east - Downtown
Spring Hill Avenue merges with Dauphin Street after their respective intersections with Washington Avenue at the beginning of the Lower Dauphin Entertainment District (LoDa). Photo taken 09/17/06.
The intersection of Dauphin Street at Joachim Street downtown. This lies at the heart of the entertainment and theatre district of the city. Mobile's Saenger Theatre is one block to the south while Bienville square is one block ahead. Photo taken 09/17/06.
Dauphin Street eastbound at Saint Joseph Street. This intersection culminates the LoDa (Lower Dauphin Street Entertainment District)1, an area of downtown flanked by bars, night clubs, and other social gathering points. Photo taken 10/24/03.
Northward view at the southbound only Saint Joseph Street as it ends at Dauphin Street. A bus only lane is situated to the left adjacent to Bienville Square. A pavilion to the left is often used for live concert performances in the park itself. Photo taken 10/24/03.
Looking skyward from Bienville Square at the GM Building (formerly the AmSouth Bank Building). This was the highest building in the city of Mobile until the 800 foot high $160 million RSA Tower was completed in 2006. Photo taken 10/24/03.
A traffic light is situated at the Royal & Dauphin Street intersection. Several businesses and corporate offices can be found in the immediate vicinity of this crossing. Photo taken 10/24/03.
Looking north at the GM Building from the intersection of Dauphin and Royal Streets. Photo taken 10/24/03.
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Interstate 165 trailblazer posted near the east end of Dauphin Street and across from the RSA Tower construction site for the. Water Street travels nine blocks northward to the southern terminus of the 4.90 mile freeway. Photos taken 10/24/03.
The GM Building as seen from the final block of Dauphin Street to the northwest. Photo taken 10/24/03.
The east end of Dauphin Street at Water Street. Ahead is the Mobile River and CSX Railroad spur. To the right is the Arthur R. Outlaw Mobile Convention Center. Ramps to Interstate 10 being in two blocks to the south. Photo taken 10/24/03.
Dauphin Street west - Downtown
St. Francis Street ends at its merge with Dauphin Street westbound. The street also provides the movement to Dauphin Street eastbound from Broad Street southbound. Photo taken 07/16/07.
A pair of signals govern the movements between Houston Street south and Kenneth Street north from Dauphin Street. Houston Street provides a through street to U.S. 90 (Government Street) and Duval Street. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Carlen Street sees a staggered signalized intersection with Dauphin Street in this scene. Carlen Street connects Dauphin with adjacent Old Shell Road and residential areas to the south. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Dauphin Street kinks northward at the intersection with Fulton Street. Fulton Street heads south from Old Shell Road to Old Government Street. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Dauphin Street west - Midtown
Dauphin Street transitions from a residential through street into a commercial arterial from Sage Avenue and Herndon Park west to the Springhill Medical Center. A diamond interchange lies midway along the drive with Interstate 65. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Drivers pass over Interstate 65 and near the southbound on-ramp. Frontage roads accompany the freeway both north and south of Dauphin Street as well. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Westbound at Interstate 65 southbound on-ramp. The freeway continues to Airport Boulevard, U.S. 90 (Government Boulevard), and its end at junction Interstate 10. Photo taken 07/16/07.
The West I-65 Service Road meets Dauphin Street at the next traffic light. The road leads north to Spring Hill Avenue and south to Airport Boulevard, serving a bevy of services in each directions. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Rimes Road ties into Dauphin Street from Springhill College and its golf course. The road connects with parallel Claridge Road North on the south side. Photo taken 07/16/07.

Delchamps Road

With the closure of Telegraph Road between Water Street and the northern State Docks area, nearby Delchamps and Dekle Roads were improved. These roadways facilitate Telegraph Road traffic with access to the downtown area and Prichard, without having to double back to Interstate 165.

Delchamps Road northbound at the State Docks Flyover from Beauregard Street. There is no access to the main gate to the docks from Delchamps Road. However Delchamps Road still serves industrial buildings and portions of the railroad facilities associated with the docks. Photo taken 06/03/02.
Posted in both directions on Delchamps and Dekle Roads, are trailblazers such as this assembly. This is one of four shield assemblies in the Mobile/Prichard areas that feature all three Interstates at once. Note that the smaller numbers on these neutered shields are common in the State Docks area, but are rarely seen elsewhere in southern Alabama (Exits 13 and Exit 34 of Interstate 65 are the only other locations with shields such as these). Note the industrial scenery that was mentioned in the write up. Further to the north, many railroad spurs are located along Dekle and Telegraph Roads. Photo taken 06/03/02.

Duval Street

Duval Street curves between Dauphin Island Parkway (Alabama 163), Michigan Avenue, Ann Street, and Interstate 10 at Exit 24 in south Mobile.

Duval Street east
Original button copy guide sign on Duval Street southbound at the westbound frontage road for Interstate 10. The freeway is situated above, with Duval Street continuing eastward to the Brookley Airport and Industrial Complex. Photo taken 03/07/02.
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2 photos
Return visits to the intersection saw the removal of the button copy sign and later replacement of the Interstate shields. A new guide sign added omits Pensacola. Photo taken 11/05/03. Second photo taken 01/29/10.
The last block of Duval Street cuts through a residential area before ending near the Brookley Field airport facility. The street appears to have traveled further south at one point, with overgrown pavement across Broad Street. Photo taken 11/03/03.
Duval Street west
This Interstate 10 Alabama junction shield is posted on Duval Street westbound before the folded diamond interchange of Exit 24. The date stamp on the back dates this sign to October of 1982. Photo taken 11/03/03.
Duval Street westbound crosses over a CSX Railroad line before meeting Interstate 10. A frontage road system exists for the freeway eastward from Duval Street to Broad Street. This allows traffic to enter Interstate 10 eastbound at the Broad Street on-ramp. Photo taken 11/03/03.

Government Street (U.S. 90 and 98)

Tree scaped boulevard that is the main route throughout the Central Business District in the east-west directions. Enters the downtown area as U.S. 90, Government Street carries five lanes from the vicinity of Airport Boulevard and Dauphin Island Parkway into downtown to the Bankhead Tunnel. U.S. 90 and 98 switch off at the intersection with Broad Street, as U.S. 98 continues eastward through to the Bankhead Tunnel, before exiting downtown. Government Street is home to many government related complexes, older Victorian style homes, and various pockets of commercial buildings. The route, in conjunction with Broad Street, serves as the main portion of the Mardi Gras parade route during Mardi Gras season.

East of the Bankhead Tunnel portal, Government Street continues through Royal Street to a conclusion at Water Street. Pictured here is the divided boulevard westbound at Royal Street. The head of the Bankhead Tunnel (U.S. 98) is visible to the left. Beyond is the Mobile Government Plaza. Photo taken 07/16/07.

Hillcrest Road

A four to five lane arterial linking the Tillman's Corner area with Old Shell Road just west of the University of South Alabama. Expansion of the road to four lanes occurred between Airport Boulevard and Old Shell Road by 2007. Additional work to expand the two-lane road to four lanes occurred in 2009 from Girby Road south to Mobile County 32 (Three Notch Kroner Road).

Cleverdon Parkway was constructed in the mid-2000s to serve an expanded University of South Alabama campus north from Hillcrest and Old Shell Roads. Hillcrest Road was originally slated to continue north to Zeigler Boulevard, but that will not happen now that development associated with the college has taken place north of Old Shell Road. This view looks south at the Hillcrest Road southbound beginning nearing the end of its 2006-07 widening project. Photo taken 07/17/07.
The intersection of Hillcrest Road south and Cottage Hill Road is flanked by businesses on all four corners. Cottage Hill Road provides one of the main east-west arteries linking the West Mobile suburbs with Midtown Mobile. Photo taken 07/17/07.
Hillcrest Road south at Girby Road. Girby Road leads east to Infirmary West Hospital and Knollwood Drive. Hillcrest Roads's four lane section ended here until 2009. Photo taken 01/23/09.
Nearing the crossing of Halls Mill Creek on Hillcrest Road south. Widening was underway at the time of this photo. Photo taken 01/23/09.
Kinking southeast along Hillcrest Road between Halls Mill Creek and Mobile County 32. Take note of the forest in this photo. Suburban sprawl is sure to follow the four-laning... Photo taken 01/23/09.
The south end of Hillcrest Road. Mobile County 32 follows Three Notch Kroner Road east to Old Pascagoula Road and Tillman's Corner and west to Mobile County 33 (Dawes Road) in a rural area west of Mobile. Photo taken 01/23/09.

Holcombe Avenue (Historical U.S. 90)

Holcombe Avenue is a short surface arterial between U.S. 90/Government Street near Alabama 163/Dauphin Island Parkway and Halls Mill Road in Midtown Mobile. The highway is of historical significance, as it represents the original U.S. 90 routing before Government Boulevard to the west was constructed. In conjunction with Halls Mill Road (Mobile County 28), Holcombe Avenue represents the original 1926 routing of U.S. 90 through Midtown and southwest Mobile. A field research trip revealed a "Highway 90 Baptist Church" on Halls Mill Road near the Interstate 65 crossover. A guess at when the present alignment of U.S. 90 came into existence along Government Boulevard places the completion date in the 1930s or 1940s.

Holcombe Avenue east
The split of Holcombe Avenue from Halls Mill Road at Fairway Drive. Holcombe Avenue continues the historical aspect of U.S. 90 northward to Government Street. Halls Mill Road otherwise continues a short distance east to Alabama 163 (Dauphin Island Parkway) and Houston Street. Photo taken 06/13/04.
Holcombe Avenue eastbound at the joint intersection of Glenwood and Gosson Streets. Holcombe Avenue travels northeasterly through this intersection to Bankhead Street. There the street turns north-south through to the conclusion at Government Street (U.S. 90). Photo taken 11/13/03.
Holcombe Avenue shifts back to a concrete surface ahead of Government Street (U.S. 90). This intersection represents the end of historical U.S. 90, as the route continued eastward into downtown along the present alignment. The confluence of Holcombe Avenue occurs with the Norfolk-Southern Railroad crossing of U.S. 90, northern terminus of Alabama 163 (Dauphin Island Parkway) one block to the east, and routing of Airport Boulevard one block to the north. Photo taken 06/13/04.
Holcombe Avenue west
Holcombe Avenue westbound at the intersection with Glenwood and Gosson Streets. Gosson Street travels three blocks to the east, becoming Duval Street at the intersection of Alabama 163/Dauphin Island Parkway. Glenwood Avenue travels north four blocks to Government Street. Photo taken 11/13/03.
Holcombe Avenue transitions into Halls Mill Road at the intersection with Fairway Drive. From the left Halls Mill Road enters Holcombe after beginning at nearby Alabama 163/Dauphin Island Parkway. Mobile County 28, unsigned throughout this vicinity, continues from Holcombe Avenue southwestward onto Halls Mill Road. Photo taken 11/13/03.
Halls Mill Road westbound at Pleasant Valley Road. Pleasant Valley Road is a secondary arterial spanning from Mobile County 28 westward to Government Street and Cottage Hill Road (Mobile County 40). Photo taken 11/13/03.

Kennedy Street

Local street between Spring Hill Avenue and Martin Luther King Junior Boulevard.

A one-piece four way traffic light assembly was posted at the intersection of Congress and Kennedy Streets until Fall of 2002. At that time the traffic lights, which were permanently in flashing mode, were replaced with a four-way double red/yellow flasher. Pictured here is the Kennedy Street southbound perspective at Congress Street and the new assembly.
Alphonso Mason adds:4 "Up until the 1980s, the southern one-piece four-way traffic light was the only one standing at the intersection of Kennedy Street and Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue. It used to have both the green and amber lenses illuminated until the late-1970s. The two-way traffic signals were latter added at that intersection during the 1980s." Photo taken 06/01/04.
North end of Kennedy Street with Martin Luther King Junior Boulevard. Unlike the southern one-piece four-way traffic light, this one is still in full operation. An elementary school is located nearby, and is most likely the reasoning to keep this light in working order. Photo taken 01/25/02.

Lafayette Street

North-south street between Government Street (U.S. 90) and Martin Luther King Junior Boulevard. The road passes through mainly residential areas.

Lafayette Street north
30" Traffic Signal Corporation signals at the intersection with Saint Stephens Road/U.S. 45 from Lafayette Street northbound. U.S. 45 terminates two blocks to the right. Signals date from at least the 1960s. Photo taken 06/01/04.
A second set of 30" signals was posted one block north of U.S. 45 at the intersection with Congress Street. The Crouse Hinds signals pictured here however were replaced by Winter 2004 (see next photo). Congress Street ends one block to the west at a five point intersection with U.S. 45/St. Stephens Road and Catherine Street. One of many neighborhood churches within the city of Mobile is situated to the left. Photo taken 10/29/03.
New full sized Eagle signals now reside at the intersection of Lafayette and Congress Streets. It appeared the city of Mobile was going with the new black face/yellow back signals that are common in states like Delaware, Georgia, and Vermont. Photo taken 06/01/04.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Junior Avenue

Four lane roadway linking downtown Mobile with Prichard at U.S. 45 (Saint Stephens Road). Bishop State Community College and the college's Central Campus are served by this north-south artery. Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue used to be named "Davis Avenue" east of Catherine Street and "Stone Street" to the west of Catherine Street. Stone intersection markers bearing the old names are still present at some intersections.4

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue north
Martin Luther King Junior Avenue northbound at Kennedy Street. Kennedy Street turns to the south and connects with Congress Street before ending at Spring Hill Avenue. These 1950s 24" signals feature a one-piece four-way assembly. Photo taken 07/17/07.
Ann Street heads south from Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Avenue to the split of U.S. 45 & 98 and U.S. 90 (Government Street). Photo taken 07/17/07.
The traffic lights at Ann Street tie into the signals at Live Oak Street north. Live Oak Street spurs six blocks north through the adjacent street grid. Photo taken 07/17/07.
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Two more closely placed sets of traffic lights hang above the intersections with Peach Street, the parking lot for the J.R. Thomas Recreation Center and Cedar Avenue north. Cedar Avenue and Peach Street head north from the Bishop State College Central Campus area into nearby neighborhoods. Photos taken 07/17/07.
Bizzell Avenue heads south from Peach Street to become Lafayette Street at Martin Luther King Jr., Avenue. Lafayette Street provides a through street southward to U.S. 90 (Government Street). Photo taken 07/17/07.
Following the traffic light at Simmington Drove, another set of lights reside at the Martin Luther King Jr., Avenue intersection with Carstens Street west to U.S. 45 (St. Stephens Road). Photo taken 07/17/07.
The northern end of Martin Luther King Junior Avenue, as it merges onto U.S. 45 (St. Stephens Road). What makes this intersection complex, is the Craft Highway beginning and departure from the right (east). The Craft Highway, which is the same name given to U.S. 43 throughout most of the state of Alabama, links U.S. 45 with Interstate 165 and U.S. 90 at Bay Bridge Road.
Historically, Craft Highway used to carry U.S. 43 southward to a merge with U.S. 45 leading south to downtown Mobile. When U.S. 43 shifted to Telegraph Road, Craft Highway became a part of U.S. 43 Alternate. Photo taken 07/17/07.

Michigan Avenue

North-south thoroughfare between the Brookley Airport and Industrial Complex near Interstate 10 Exit 25 and Government Street west of downtown.

Michigan Avenue north
Approaching Interstate 10 on Michigan Avenue northbound. The street begins about 1000 feet behind the camera at Brookley Field & Broad Street. Michigan Avenue is divided with one lane in each direction for the first block, but widens to two lanes per direction at the Interstate. Photo taken 11/03/03.
Northbound sign bridge for Interstate 10 on Michigan Avenue at the eastbound ramp. This diamond interchange contains a loop ramp from Michigan Avenue northbound to Interstate 10 westbound. Photo taken 11/05/03.
Michigan Avenue northbound descending towards working class neighborhood areas of south Mobile at the westbound Interstate 10 ramp. This interchange receives sign bridges for Interstate 10 because of the truck traffic associated with Brookley Field to the south. Photo taken 11/05/03.
Michigan Avenue south
Southbound Michigan Avenue at the signalized intersection with Virginia Street. Virginia Street stems east from Houston Street to Exit 25 of Interstate 10. Photo taken 07/16/07.
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Adjacent to the abandoned Travel Inn motel was this button copy relic from the Interstate 10 completion. Traffic to Interstate 10 westbound departs to the right. Three miles away is the southern terminus of Interstate 65. Photo taken 11/05/03. Second photo taken 11/05/03. Third photo taken 01/29/10.
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A left-hand turn is required for traffic destined to downtown Mobile and Pensacola via Interstate 10 east. Featured here was an original button copy guide sign. It was replaced by 2004. Photo taken 11/05/03. Second photo taken 01/29/10.
A closer look at the Pensacola button copy guide sign for the Interstate 10 eastbound ramp. The next interchange to the east is Exit 24 with Duval Street. Photo taken 11/05/03.

Old Shell Road

Sometimes shown on maps as Mobile County 70, the east-west highway connects downtown Mobile with Spring Hill College, the University of South Alabama (USA), and Schillinger Road near the Mobile Coast Guard Base. The highway takes a residential course throughout most of Mobile, with tree scaped yards and only two lanes of travel. Between University Boulevard and Hillcrest Road, the highway underwent expansion in 2004 to four lanes with the inclusion of a concrete or planted divider and turn lanes. Increasing traffic demands from the growing University of South Alabama have necessitated this project, and an eventual four-laning west to Schillinger Road is underway in late 2009.

Mobile County 70 - Old Shell/Tanner Williams Roads

Royal Street

Beginning at historic Fort Condé, Royal Street is a north-south artery that cuts through the eastern portion of the central business district. It is bisected by Interstate 10 at Water Street to the south. Reported in the November 17, 2003 issue of the Mobile Register, Royal Street was converted from a northbound only street into a two-lane street.2

Royal Street represented a portion of the original U.S. 90 alignment through downtown Mobile until 1941. U.S. 90 ran along the street between Goverment and St. Louis Streets as part of its loop north to the Cochrane Bridge. When the Bankhead Tunnel was completed, alignments for U.S. 90 shifted in the city.

Royal Street north
Sun blistered Interstate 10 trailblazer posted on Royal Street north above the George Wallace Tunnel at Fort Condé. A set of signals hang above the intersection with Church Street. Photo taken 04/09/09.
A look at the downtown Mobile skyline as seen from the block of Royal Street between Church and Government Streets. The current high point of the skyline was that of the GM Building. However that distinction was given to the RSA Tower when it opened 2006 at the corner of Dauphin and Water Streets. The 34-story RSA Tower represents the tallest building in the state as well. Photo taken 08/21/03.
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Royal northbound approaching Dauphin Street. The downtown area features a mix of old and new architecture. Visible are homes in the Victorian and French style mixed with American style office complexes. The high rises above are the Van Antwerp and GM Buildings. Photo taken 06/13/04. Second photo taken 10/24/03. Third photo taken 10/24/03.
Government Street travels above the Bankhead Tunnel at Royal Street, ending one block to the east at Water Street north of the ramps to Interstate 10. Photo taken 11/26/06.
The intersection of Royal and Dauphin Streets as seen from Royal Street northbound. Some buildings in the central business district resemble those found in the French Quarter of New Orleans. Photo taken 10/24/03.
Royal Street northbound at St. Louis. Historically U.S. 90 followed Government Street east to Royal Street north to St. Louis Street west. Photo taken 09/10/10.
Royal Street south
Traveling south along Royal Street at the intersection with State Street north of downtown Mobile. Photo taken 07/18/07.
St. Anthony Street travels west from Water Street to Spring Hill Avenue (U.S. 98) across Royal Street southbound in this scene. Photo taken 07/18/07.
St. Louis Street follows one block further south along Royal Street. Historically St. Louis Street west of Joachim Street represents an original alignment of U.S. 90. Photo taken 07/18/07.
Continuing the Saints theme, Royal Street southbound meets St. Michael Street at this traffic light. Photo taken 07/18/07.

Saint Stephens Road (U.S. 45)

Primarily a two lane highway, St. Stephens Road begins at U.S. 98/Spring Hill Avenue, and takes a northwestward swath to Prichard and Interstate 65. The highway cuts through primarily residential areas, with a commercial center at the intersection with Martin Luther King Jr Boulevard and the Craft Highway. Overall the road generally carries local traffic through to Interstate 65.

Spring Hill Avenue

Spring Hill Avenue extends west from U.S. 98 at Moffett Road with four lanes to Forest Hill and Langan Park. The road name changes to Zeigler Boulevard at PRF John D. New Street and continues west to Tanner Williams Road.

Spring Hill Avenue east
McGregor Avenue comes to its end at Spring Hill Avenue after splitting with Museum Drive. The road provides a through route southward to Old Shell Road near Springhill College. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Spring Hill Avenue lowers from the Spring Hill area to its partial-cloverleaf interchange with Interstate 65. Photo taken 02/06/09.
Areas adjacent to Exit 5A of Interstate 65 along Spring Hill Avenue are home to commercial frontage. The I-65 Service Road system resumes from Spring Hill Avenue southward. The frontage roads do not connect with U.S. 98 due to the path of the parallel Canadian National Illinois Central Railroad. Photo taken 09/30/12.
Drivers bound for Interstate 65 south to its end at junction Interstate 10 leave Spring Hill Avenue after the West I-65 Service Road beginning. Photo taken 09/30/12.
Spring Hill Avenue eastbound as it merges with Moffett Road to overtake U.S. 98 at Midtown Mobile. The area bustles with commuter traffic and associated shopping plazas. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Spring Hill Avenue west
Spring Hill Avenue continues west from its split with U.S. 98 (Moffett Road). Photo taken 05/09/09.
A partial-cloverleaf interchange (Exit 5A) joins Interstate 65 with Spring Hill Avenue between the freeway service roads. Interstate 65 continues north over the Canadian National Illinois Central Railroad to Exit 5B with U.S. 98 (Moffett Road) nearby. Photo taken 05/09/09.
Passing under Interstate 65, drivers bound for the southbound freeway to Airport Boulevard and junction Interstate 10 depart Spring Hill Avenue west. Photo taken 05/09/09.
The southbound on-ramp to Interstate 65 lies adjacent to the resumption of the West I-65 Service Road. The service road connects Spring Hill Avenue with Old Shell Road to the south. Photo taken 06/01/10.

Texas Street

A minor arterial between Interstate 10 and Michigan Avenue in south Mobile. Texas Street includes a four lane segment between Broad and Conception Streets. A folded diamond interchange allows access from Interstate 10 west and to Interstate 10 east. However that interchange (Exit 25B) may be eliminated if a new Mobile River Bridge of Interstate 10 is built as envisioned by ALDOT.

Historically speaking, the intersection between Texas Street and Washington Avenue was signalized. However after the Central Texas Street urban renewal project, those signals were removed.4

Texas Street as it curves to the southeast to intersect Exit 25B of Interstate 10. Pictured here is the Interstate 10 junction shield. The faded sign dates from October 1982. Photo taken 11/20/03.
A closer look at the 1970 specifications shield along Texas Street eastbound. While there are four lanes afforded to Texas Street, only a dozen or so vehicles passed by at the time of these photographs during a ten minute span. Photo taken 11/20/03.
Interstate 10 eastbound shield posted at the end of the westbound off-ramp to Texas Street. Traffic entering Interstate 10 will reach the Canal Street interchange in one half mile and the Wallace Tunnel in one mile. Photo taken 11/20/03.
Neutered Interstate 10 shield assembly facing the end of the Exit 25B off-ramp and Franklin Street. Franklin Street acts as a frontage road along Interstate 10 west. The local street ends with the ramp here at Texas Street. Photo taken 11/20/03.
Contextual view of the two shield assemblies, Texas Street, and Interstate 10 above. The northbound on-ramp departs ahead of the intersection with Conception Street. Photo taken 11/20/03.

University Boulevard

University Boulevard comprises a busy north-south arterial linking the University of South Alabama area with U.S. 98 (Moffett Road) to the north and Cottage Hill Road and Demetropolis Road to the south. Extended in stages, the highway ended at Zeigler Boulevard until the late 1990s extension to Highpoint Boulevard. Southward, a similar extension tied the road in with a new alignment of Demetropolis Road leading south to U.S. 90 (Government Boulevard).

Known for its congestion at Airport Boulevard, the four to six lane boulevard varies between commercialized and residential frontage. Frontage roads occasionally accompany the road to segregate turning movements into adjacent neighborhoods from the through traffic movements. A grade separated intersection exists with U.S. 98 at the north side of Mobile.

University Boulevard north
Bit & Spur Road comprises an old connector road between Airport Boulevard and Old Shell Road in the Country Club Village area. A split-phased traffic signal assembly hangs above the intersection with University Boulevard in this northbound scene. University Boulevard ended here from the north in 1974. Photo taken 01/16/09.
University Boulevard reaches the University of South Alabama campus at the intersection with Old Shell Road. Old Shell Road provides access to the Mitchell Center and Eddie Stanky Field on the south side of the campus. The east-west road otherwise joins the Spring Hill and Midtown areas with Tanner Williams Road leading west to the U.S.C.G. Aviation Training Center and West Mobile. Photo taken 01/16/09.
The third of three signalized intersections serving the main campus of the University of South Alabama along University Boulevard north. USA North Drive winds west to USA Circle Drive within the heart of the college campus. Photo taken 11/21/08.
The T-intersection with Gaillard Drive was expanded to include access to the new University of South Alabama Technology Park to the west. New mast-arm supported traffic lights were installed in 2008 to accompany the reworked intersection. Gaillard Drive otherwise winds eastward to Joseph N. Langan Park to Zeigler Boulevard. The park is home to the Azalea City Golf Course, the Mobile Botanical Gardens, the Mobile Museum of Art, and the Reggie Copeland-Newton Cox Tennis Center.
University Boulevard ended at Gaillard Drive in 1974. Photo taken 09/30/12.
University Boulevard south
University Boulevard sees a grade separated intersection with U.S. 98 (Moffett Road) and then intersects Overlook Road at this traffic light. Overlook Road heads east and directly merges onto U.S. 98 ahead of Forest Hill Drive. Westward the road continues to Howells Ferry Road (Mobile County 72) near Cody Road. Photo taken 07/17/07.
University Boulevard was extended northward from Zeigler Boulevard to Overlook Road by 1999. Part of the highway's construction involved elevating the CINC Railroad line onto a new overpass. Photo taken 07/17/07.
University Boulevard emerges from the CINC under crossing to intersect Zeigler Boulevard. Zeigler Boulevard heads east to Langan Park and a transition into Spring Hill Avenue and west to Tanner Williams Road near the Coast Guard Base. A short frontage road (High Point Boulevard) lies on the northbound side of University here. High Point Boulevard is the name of University Boulevard north of the city line, and the name applied to segments of road later incorporated into the University Boulevard frontage road system. Another section of original High Point Boulevard exists south of Bit & Spur Road. Photo taken 07/17/07.
Southbound drivers next meet the 2007-installed traffic lights at Gaillard Drive and the USA Technology and Research Park entrance. Gaillard Drive provides access to Langan Park, Museum Drive, and Azalea City Golf Course east of University Boulevard. In 1977, University Boulevard began here. Photo taken 07/17/07.
USA North Drive provides one of three access roads to the University of South Alabama from University Boulevard south. USA North Drive meanders west to USA Circle Drive at the heart of campus. Photo taken 07/17/07.
Bit & Spur Road crosses University Boulevard at this signalized intersection adjacent to Dickson Elementary School. Bit & Spur provides a cut through between Airport Boulevard and Old Shell Road west of Country Club Estates. University Boulevard ended at Bit & Spur as recently as 1974. Photo taken 07/17/07.
A short distance south of Bit & Spur Road is the major cross roads with Airport Boulevard. Airport Boulevard comprises Mobile's busiest commercial corridor, joining the Bel Air Mall area of Midtown with the big box retail center of Schillinger Road. Photo taken 07/17/07.
University Boulevard winds southeast to the westbound beginning of Grelot Road. Grelot Road constitutes a four-lane arterial leading west to Schillinger Road (Mobile County 31). Originally University Boulevard name changed to Demetropolis Road at this intersection. Photo taken 07/17/07.

Virginia Street

Virginia Street is a secondary arterial between Houston Street and Conception Street/Interstate 10 in south Mobile. The highway serves residential areas to the west and industrial areas east of Interstate 10. A partial cloverleaf interchange facilitates movements to/from Interstate 10 at Exit 24.

Virginia Street east
Adjacent to the Mobile National Cemetery is the signalized intersection of Virginia Street and Gayle Street. This otherwise nondescript intersection is situated within a residential area, but adjacent to the Mobile Public Works Department. Photo taken 11/17/03.
Virginia Street eastbound at Broad Street. Broad Street is a secondary arterial between Interstate 10 and Brookley Field north to U.S. 90-98 and Downtown. Featured here are 30" Traffic Signal Corporation signals for the Virginia Street east and westbound directions. Photo taken 11/17/03.
One block to the east at the minor arterial of Washington Avenue was a second set of 30" Crouse Hinds signals. Washington Avenue may have been a more important road at one point, but essentially only carries local traffic nowadays. All signals pictured here were replaced by Winter 2004 with new Eagle brand signals. Photo taken 11/17/03.
Virginia Street as it enters the Exit 24 interchange of Interstate 10. This junction is situated between Warren and Franklin Streets. Franklin Street was either relegated to frontage road status or completely built upon by the construction of Interstate 10. Photo taken 11/17/03.
Virginia Street west
Battered Interstate 10 Alabama shield posted at the intersection of Virginia and Conception Streets along westbound. This shield is dated from October of 1982 but has long since seen better days. There is a cloverleaf ramp for Virginia Street eastbound onto Interstate 10 east. Traffic entering from the west can access Interstate 10 east by taking Conception Street north three blocks to the Texas Street on-ramp. Photo taken 11/20/03.
Virginia Street passes under Interstate 10 and reaches the westbound on-ramp to Theodore, Grand Bay, and Biloxi, Mississippi. Virginia Street reduces to two lanes west of Warren Street. Photo taken 05/23/09.
Four and a half blocks west of Interstate 10's Exit 25 is the signalized intersection with Washington Avenue. Washington Avenue constitutes a through street leading north to Canal Street and south to its merge with Broad Street. Photo taken 05/23/09.
A short distance west is the Virginia Street intersection with Broad Street. Broad Street heads south to Exit 24 of Interstate 10 and Mobile Downtown Airport (Brookley Field) and north to U.S. 90 & 98 at Government Street. Note the older traffic lights in use for the Virginia Street direction. Photo taken 05/23/09.
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Ladd-Peebles Stadium resides along the southbound side of Virginia Street between Michigan Avenue and Houston Street. The football stadium is home to College Football's Senior Bowl and Bowl. Photos taken 07/16/07.
Virginia Street ends at Houston Street just south of U.S. 90 (Government Street). Photo taken 07/16/07.

Water Street

Main artery between Interstate 165 and U.S. 90 and Interstate 10. The six lane roadway serves the eastern area of Downtown, including the Arthur Outlaw Mobile Convention Center.

Water Street north
Canal Street southbound at the Interstate 10 viaduct and transition to Water Street. This button copy sign was one of the last to remain in the Downtown area before its replacement by 2005. Photo taken 03/05/02.
The eastbound Interstate 10 Canal Street off-ramp (Exit 26A) as it ends at the Canal & Water Street confluence. The button copy sign in the background pointed toward Franklin Street and the Jackson & Conception Street gateway into downtown. Canal Street begins to the left and travels toward Broad Street. Water Street begins to the right, shadowing Interstate 10 through to Government Street. Photo taken 11/03/03.
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Three views of the Exit 26B Water Street stack interchange for Interstate 10 as seen from Water Street itself to the south. The flyover in the foreground goes to Water Street from eastbound Interstate 10. The sweeping flyover in the background is from westbound Interstate 10 to Water Street. The modified trumpet interchange was to have been the southern terminus of the abandoned Interstate 210. Interstate 165 was built in place of Interstate 210, with Water Street composing a six lane boulevard in place of an elevated freeway viaduct. The grassy area underneath the eastbound flyover ramp is used for parking during Mardi Gras season and other special events in the city. Other parts of the interchange grounds are used for barricade storage and other maintenance purposes. Photo taken 10/26/99. Second photo taken 11/03/03. Third photo taken 11/03/03.
This view looks at Water Street northbound at Theatre Street. Water Street curves to the north adjacent to the Interstate 10 flyovers. A CSX Railroad spur serving the shipbuilding facilities and Mobile Riverside industrial areas, parallels Water Street through to a tunnel below the Arthur Outlaw Convention Center. Photo taken 11/03/03.
The Interstate 10 off-ramp (Exit 26B) merges onto Water Street just ahead of Government Street beside the Arthur Outlaw Convention Center. The sky bridge ahead links the complex with the high rise Adams Mark Hotel. Interstate 165 begins 11 eleven blocks to the north. Photo taken 11/03/03.
The RSA Tower rises along Water Street at St. Francis Street as of summer 2006. At the time of this photo, all but the spire of the skyscraper was complete. Compare the scene in the above photograph to this one as Alabama's tallest building now takes center stage as Mobile's centerpiece. Photo taken 06/06/06.
Peering northward from the Arthur Outlaw Convention Center catwalk above Water Street between Conti and Government Streets. Visible in the background are the Alabama State Docks and U.S. 90 & U.S. 98 Truck Cochrane-Africatown Bridge over the Mobile River. Photo taken 06/13/04.
Older traffic light assembly at the east end of Saint Louis Street. Many of these older style mast arms are abandoned throughout the northern reaches of the central business district. At those intersections, traffic lights were deemed unnecessary, and stop signs were put in place instead. Photo taken 06/13/04.
Water Street northbound at St. Francis Street. This east-west street begins from a parking area to the right. Westward, St. Francis street crosses the central business district parallel to eastbound only Dauphin Street. Photo taken 06/06/06.
Approaching the east end of Congress Street. Congress Street consists of a secondary and divided arterial westward to the Bishop State Community College main campus at Broad Street. The end of the street is located at U.S. 45.
An Interstate 65 trailblazer was added to this shield assembly by Summer 2006. Photo taken 07/18/07.
Six lanes of Water Street continue northward in this scene at Adams Street. Junction Interstate 165 and U.S. 90 shields indicate to drivers that the southern terminus of Interstate 165 and intersection with Beauregard Street is forthcoming. Photo taken 09/26/08.
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Two banks of shields are posted for the upcoming Beauregard Street intersection of Water Street. When Interstate 210 was planned, a spur alternate was conceptualized for the freeway. The spur would have taken the freeway through Beauregard Street with an interchange there and an end within the vicinity of this location. Photo taken 09/26/08. Second photo taken 07/17/07.
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Northbound on Water Street at the northbound beginning of Interstate 165 and U.S. 90/Truck U.S. 98. The plethora of shields indicates that U.S. 43 no longer exists through this stretch. Originally, U.S. 43 was the one to follow Beauregard Street and Conception Street/Road. Truncation of that route became official by fall of 2001, with a rerouting of U.S. 90 along the same path.
The HC sign is trailblazer for all trucks carrying hazardous cargo. All Hazmats must follow U.S. 90/Truck U.S. 98 north to cross the Africatown/Cochrane Bridge in lieu of the Bankhead and Wallace Tunnels to the south.
The complex on the southwest corner of the Water & Beauregard Streets is that of the Mobile Press Register Building. On the northeast corner is the Gulf Mobile & Ohio Building. Photo taken 09/26/08. Second photo taken 07/17/07. Third photo taken 11/03/03.
A look at the renovated Gulf Mobile & Ohio Building at the corner of Water and Beauregard Streets. Built in the early 1900s, the building was abandoned in the 1970s and sat unused for twenty years. In 1999 a restoration project began to convert the structure into a transit hub and office space. Photo taken 06/13/04.
Water Street south
Water Street southbound between State and St. Anthony Streets. The new RSA Tower rises along Water Street between St. Louis and Dauphin Streets ahead. Photo taken 06/06/06.
Construction of the RSA Tower severed St. Francis Street between Water and Royal Street. Mast arms remain in place minus their traffic lights at the Water Street intersection with St. Francis Street. Perhaps the mast arms will serve the RSA parking facility upon completion of the RSA Tower project. Photo taken 06/06/06.
Construction continues on an adjoining building to the main RSA Tower between St. Francis and Dauphin Streets along Water Street south. Dauphin Street travels through the downtown entertainment district and ends at Water Street. Photo taken 06/06/06.
Southward view of Water Street at the east end of Government Street near downtown Mobile. The Imax theatre to the right is associated with the Exploreum Museum complex. The complex offers art and cultural exhibits from around the world. To the left is the Arthur Outlaw Convention Center. The Bankhead Tunnel of U.S. 98 is directly underneath this intersection. Photo taken 06/13/04.
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Water Street southbound at the ramps to Interstate 10 and split with Church Street westbound. The Mobile Civic Center is located four blocks to the right via Church Street to Franklin Street. Franklin Street ties into Canal & Water Streets to the south. Photos taken 06/13/04.
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Views of the Exit 26B on-ramps to Interstate 10 south of Government Street. The George C. Wallace Tunnels for Interstate 10 are underneath this location. The return flyover for Water Street northbound soars overhead while Interstate 10 bound traffic prepares to split into the east and westbound ramps. This configuration was to have carried Interstate 210 motorists onto Interstate 10, completing the urban loop system of the city with Interstate 65 to the west. Otherwise Interstate 10 eastbound traffic curves sharply to the east and a descent toward the George C. Wallace Tunnels. Interstate 10 westbound traffic continues straight and merges onto the mainline from the left. Photos taken 06/13/04, 06/06/06.
Interstate 10 trailblazer posted along Water Street southbound near the transition into Canal Street at Exit 26A of the freeway. Photo taken 02/21/09.
Water Street carries up to six lanes on the south side Interstate 10 at Exit 26B. A trailblazer for Interstate 10 resides at Royal Street for the westbound on-ramp from Canal / Claiborne Streets. Photo taken 02/16/10.
Water Street transitions into Canal Street under Interstate 10 and the ramps to / from downtown. Photo taken 02/16/10.
Jackson Street stems north from the Exit 26A off-ramp of Interstate 10 east at Canal and Water Streets. Photo taken 02/16/10.

Additional Mobile area scenes and streets.

A lofty view of the Mobile central business district, Alabama State Docks, Interstate 165, and the hills of north Mobile County. Photo taken 06/13/04.
Southeasterly view of Mobile from near the interection of St. Michael and Joachim Streets. Photo taken 07/18/07.
Azalea Road
Azalea Road ends at Airport Boulevard opposite McGregor Avenue near the Pinebrook and McGregor Square Shopping Centers. McGregor Avenue narrows to two lanes beyond its intersection with Berwyn Drive (pictured in the background) as it stair steps northward to Old Shell Road near Springhill College. Photo taken 07/17/07.
Ann Street
Ann Street southbound at Dauphin Street. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Crossing U.S. 90 (Government Street) along Ann Street southbound. Photo taken 07/16/07.
A set of flashers hang above the intersection of Ann and Texas Streets. Texas Street heads east from Michigan Avenue to Exit 26A of Interstate 10. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Carol Plantation Road
Carol Plantation Road extends Bellingrath Road (Mobile County 59) northward from U.S. 90 to Mobile County 32 (Three Notch Kroner Road) near Tillman's Corner. Pictured here is the northbound intersection with Mobile County 30 (Theodore Dawes Road). Photo taken 06/15/09.
Church Street
Church Street eastbound at Claiborne Street on the south side of downtown. To the right Claiborne merges with Jackson Street to become the east-west Franklin Street. The Mobile Civic Center is situated just to the south while the Mobile Government Plaza is straight ahead. Photo taken 10/28/03.
In the shadow of Fort Condé and the Mobile Government Plaza is the intersection of Church Street with Royal Street. Ahead is the Water Street ramps to/from Interstate 10. The traffic signals displayed here are replacements of 30" Crouse Hinds signals. Photo taken 11/20/03.
Florida Street
Florida Street is a secondary arterial in Midtown Mobile between Airport Boulevard and Spring Hill Avenue (U.S. 98). The north-south roadway primarily cuts through residential neighborhoods on the trek. Pictured here are 30" Crouse Hinds signals at the intersection with Old Shell Road. Photo taken 10/31/03.
Grelot Road
Grelot Road departs the five-way roundabout with Dawes Road and Air Terminal Drive north and travels one quarter mile east to a signalized intersection with Leroy Stevens Road. Leroy Stevens Road merges with Dawes Road to the north and splits with Jeff Hamilton Road just south of Grelot. The road serves commuter traffic in the growing West Mobile suburbs. Photo taken 11/05/10.
Grelot Road eastbound at Regency Oaks Drive south and Westbury Drive north. Grelot Road constitutes a four to five-lane arterial joining neighborhood areas of Mobile leading west from University Boulevard to Schillinger Road. A handful of shopping centers also line the multi-lane highway. Interestingly, Pleasant Valley Road lines the same latitude east from Azalea Road as Grelot Road. Photo taken 07/17/07.
Houston Street
Houston Street northbound at U.S. 90 (Government Boulevard) and Old Government Street's westbound beginning. Old Government Street splits with the westbound beginning of Airport Boulevard one block to the west. Photo taken 07/16/07.
Jackson Street
Interstate 165 trailblazer posted at the exit of the Mobile Civic Center parking lot for Jackson Street north into downtown Mobile. Photo taken 02/16/10.
Conception Street branches away from Jackson Street and shifts two blocks eastward into downtown. Joachim Street southbound enters opposite Conception to merge with southbound Claiborne Street. Photo taken 02/16/10.
Jackson Street southbound at St. Louis Street north of downtown Mobile. Almost all of the traffic signals north of Dauphin Street between Broad and Water Streets were removed and replaced with stop signs. St Louis Street and Joachim Street (one block to the east) represent the original U.S. 90 alignment between Broad and Conception Streets.
Alphonso Mason adds "There is history behind most of those traffic signals in Downtown Mobile being removed and replaced with stop signals. During the 1970s, 24" Crouse Hind signals with metal sun visors used to be erected on those older style mast arms along the inner downtown area (running north-south from St Anthony Street to Conti Street; running east-west from Royal Street to Claiborne Street/Martin Luther King Avenue). Hurricane Frederic in September 1979 blew away most of those traffic signals off of those mast arms. I recall those traffic signals on Dauphin Street at Joachim and Jackson Streets the only ones survived the storm fully intact. Frederic only accelerated the (brief) decline of Downtown Mobile. At one point, older traffic signals replaced the some of destroyed Crouse Hind signals at some of the downtown streets. Eventually, the traffic signals were taken down at downtown intersections never seeing traffic." Photo taken 06/13/04.
Joachim Street
Joachim Street ends at Claiborne Street next to the Mobile Civic Center and north of the Canal Street on-ramp to Interstate 10 west. Photo taken 02/16/10.
Knollwood Drive
Knollwood Drive stems north from U.S. 90 (Government Boulevard) north of Halls Mill Creek to Grelot Road in Mobile. Pictured here is the leafy intersection with Cottage Hill Road. Photo taken 07/17/07.
Mobile Infirmary Boulevard
A mixture of 30" Crouse Hinds and Traffic Signal Corporation signals in use at the intersection of Mobile Infirmary Boulevard south, Kenneth Street north and Old Shell Road. Photo taken 09/10/10.
Mobile Regional Airport
This set of brown overheads greet motorists departing the Mobile Regional Airport. The airport terminal itself is accessible from Airport Boulevard. Interstate 10 and 65 trailblazers are posted along Airport Boulevard and Schillinger Road in the vicinity to guide visitors to the respective freeways. Photo taken 08/21/03.
Montlimar Drive
The north end of Montlimar Drive as it intersects Airport Boulevard. Airport Boulevard maintains six through lanes and two service roads between Interstate 65 and Azalea Road/McGregor Road. The busy interaction between the mainline and the frontage roads allows for longer traffic signal phases. Photo taken 11/04/03.
Thus traffic turning right onto Airport Boulevard eastbound from Montlimar Drive northbound is advised to turn right onto the eastbound frontage road to merge via a slip ramp onto Airport. Right-hand turns directly onto Airport Boulevard from Montlimar are only permitted on green because of the westbound Frontage Road lane. Photo taken 11/04/03.
Pleasant Valley Road
Older 30" Eagle brand signals at the Pleasant Valley Road intersection with McRae Avenue. Pleasant Valley Road carries Mobile County 40 eastward from Cottage Hill Road to the Government Boulevard (U.S. 90) intersection ahead. Photo taken 06/13/04.
Westbound Pleasant Valley Road at McRae Avenue. Photo taken 11/13/03.
Saint Joseph Street
The intersection of Saint Joseph and Dauphin Streets. The same French cultural influence that exists in New Orleans also exists in portions of downtown Mobile. This results in similar French based names and architecture to some of the area homes and businesses. To the left of this scene is the Bienville Square and Fountain. A story printed in the November 17, 2003 edition of the Mobile Register indicates that the city is considering converting the one-way Saint Louis Street into a two-way street.2 Photo taken 10/24/03.
Saint Louis Street east
30" Traffic Signal Corporation signals that were in use above the St. Louis and Washington Street intersection north of downtown Mobile. St. Louis Street carried two lanes eastbound between Broad and Water Streets at this time, but was restriped for two-way traffic in the late 2000s. A set of flashers now hang at this intersection.
St. Louis carried the routing of U.S. 90 between Joachim and Royal Streets until 1941. Photo taken 06/13/04.
Interstate 10 and 165 trailblazers posted on the final block of St. Louis Street before it ends at Water Street. Water Street leads south directly to Interstate 10 and north to the Interstate 165 beginning at Beauregard Street. Photo taken 07/18/07.
St. Louis Street west
St. Louis Street westbound at St. Joseph Street. U.S. 90 followed St. Louis Street between Joachim and Royal Streets originally on its northern course to the Cochrane Bridge. Photo taken 09/10/10.
Conception Street follows one block to the west and travels north to Adams Street. There is no direct connection to Conception Street Road from Conception Street itself. Photo taken 09/10/10.
U.S. 90 historically followed Joachim Street north from St. Louis Street to a viaduct (long since removed) over the railroad lines parallel to Telegraph Road. Photo taken 09/10/10.
Removed traffic lights at the intersection of St. Louis Street and Jackson Street north. Many intersections north of downtown were downgraded from full signals due to a lack of traffic. Photo taken 09/10/10.
Claiborne Street crosses St. Louis Street one block south of the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue end via Gliddon Place. Photo taken 09/10/10.
Traffic Signal Corporation signals at Washington Street were removed and replaced with a set of flashers when St. Louis Street was restriped into two-way traffic. Washington Street provides a secondary through street to Broad Street south of Canal Street but is fairly local in use northwest of downtown. Photo taken 09/10/10.
St. Louis Street defaults onto Spring Hill Avenue westbound at Broad Street (U.S. 90 & 98). When St. Louis Street was restriped for two-way traffic, a single westbound lane was reconfigured out of Spring Hill Avenue west of Broad Street to provide access to U.S. 98 west. Photo taken 09/10/10.
Stanton Road
One of the few mast arm signal assemblies outside of the downtown area of Mobile. Partially concealed by foliage, this signal assembly is located on Stanton Road northbound at Pleasant Avenue. Pleasant Avenue is a short connector between Stanton Road and U.S. 45/Saint Stephens Road to the east. Photo taken 10/31/03.
2 photos
2 photos
The intersection is located on Stanton Road northbound at Fillingham Street (second image taken from Fillingham Street east). Featured here are 30" Traffic Signal Corporation brand signals. Stanton Road continues northbound into the Prichard city limits, ultimately leading to the Interstate 65 Beltline Highway near Exit 8. Photo taken 10/29/03. Second photo taken 12/17/09.

Photo Credits:

  • 10/26/99 by AARoads.
  • 01/25/02 by AARoads.
  • 03/05/02 by AARoads.
  • 03/07/02 by AARoads.
  • 03/28/02 by AARoads.
  • 06/03/02 by AARoads.
  • 08/21/03 by AARoads and Justin Cozart.
  • 10/24/03 by AARoads.
  • 10/28/03 by AARoads.
  • 10/29/03 by AARoads.
  • 10/31/03 by AARoads.
  • 11/03/03 by AARoads.
  • 11/04/03 by AARoads.
  • 11/05/03 by AARoads.
  • 11/13/03 by AARoads.
  • 11/17/03 by AARoads.
  • 11/19/03 by AARoads.
  • 11/20/03 by AARoads.
  • 05/30/04 by AARoads.
  • 06/01/04 by AARoads.
  • 06/13/04 by AARoads and Justin Cozart.
  • 06/06/06 by AARoads.
  • 09/17/06 by AARoads.
  • 11/26/06 by AARoads and Justin Cozart.
  • 07/16/07 by AARoads.
  • 07/17/07 by AARoads.
  • 07/18/07 by AARoads.
  • 09/26/08 by AARoads.
  • 11/21/08 by AARoads.
  • 01/16/09 by AARoads.
  • 01/23/09 by AARoads.
  • 02/06/09 by AARoads.
  • 02/21/09 by AARoads.
  • 02/24/09 by AARoads.
  • 04/09/09 by AARoads.
  • 04/24/09 by AARoads.
  • 05/09/09 by AARoads.
  • 05/23/09 by AARoads.
  • 06/15/09 by AARoads.
  • 12/17/09 by AARoads.
  • 01/29/10 by AARoads.
  • 02/16/10 by AARoads.
  • 06/01/10 by AARoads.
  • 09/10/10 by AARoads.
  • 11/05/10 by AARoads.
  • 03/18/12 by AARoads.
  • 05/25/12 by AARoads.
  • 09/30/12 by AARoads.

Page Updated 10-01-2012.