U.S. 160

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U.S. 160 travels between U.S. 89, at Cameron, and the Four Corners of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. The Arizona section of this multi-state highway lies entirely within the Navajo Indian Nation.

Beginning in Cameron, the road travels through Tuba City, where it meets Arizona 264. U.S. 89 then meets Arizona 98, and Arizona 564 which leads to Navajo National Monument. The road then meets U.S. 163 which leads to Monument Valley, and meets U.S. 191 at Mexican Water. Finally, U.S. 160 meets U.S. 64 at Teec Nos Pos, before turning north to pass the Four Corners Monument and enter New Mexico and Colorado.

Plans were laid in 1956 to construct a modern highway system through the Navajo Nation, due to coal and uranium mining opportunities in the Navajo Nation. An agreement was created between the Bureau of Indian Affairs and ADOT for a series of roads to be constructed by BIA, then turned over to ADOT after construction. Navajo Route 1 was the first, which would become US 160.

U.S. 160 was signed as Arizona 64 between 1961 and 1966 from Cameron to Teec Nos Pos, and as Arizona 364 from 1963 through 1966 (from Teec Nos Pos to Four Corners). In 1966, the route was renumbered to U.S. 164, with a final renumbering to U.S. 160 in 1971.

U.S. 160 east
This is the first reassurance marker along U.S. Highway 160. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Distance sign to Tuba City (11 miles) and Kayenta (82 miles). Photo taken 10/26/08.
The section of U.S. 160 has a daytime headlight restriction until reaching Tuba City. Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 is beginning to enter the mesa country of Northeastern Arizona and the Four Corners region. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Turn left to reach Moenave. Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 now begins to descend into Kerley Valley. Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 widens as it approaches Tuba City. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Now climbing up onto the mesa, we find advance signage for Arizona 264, 1/2 mile. Photo taken 10/26/08.
After a short climb up onto the mesa, U.S. 160 enters Tuba City. Tuba City is the westernmost village on the Navajo Nation, and is named after Hopi Chief "Tuba" who lived near the town site. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Arizona 264 departs from U.S. 160 here. Arizona 264 travels east through the Navajo and Hopi reservations, paralelling U.S. 160, before reaching Window Rock and New Mexico. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Distance sign to Red Lake (22 miles), Kayenta (73 miles) and Four Corners (149 miles). Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 travels over open range country east of Tuba City. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Distance sign to Red Lake (12 miles), Kayenta (61 miles) and Four Corners (139 miles). Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 meets Indian Route 21 (Tonalea School Road) here. Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 drops down to meet the village of Red Lake here. Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 passes the rock formation called Elephant Feet here. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Turn right to reach the Tonalea Veterans Memorial Park. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Distance sign to Cow Springs (4 miles), Kayenta (45 miles), and Four Corners (122 miles). Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 meets the Black Mesa and Lake Powell railroad here. The railroad was built to haul coal from Black Mesa to the Navajo Generating Station near Lake Powell. The powerplant is used to fuel power demands in Phoenix, and is not without controversy due to the location and pollution of Grand Canyon National Park. Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 passes Cow Springs here. The only thing that was here for tourists is this long-abandoned Standard Oil station. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Advance signage for Arizona 98, 1/2 mile. Arizona 98 travels west to Page and Lake Powell. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Reassurance marker for U.S. 160 after the junction with Arizona 98. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Distance sign to Arizona 564 (13 miles) and Kayenta (32 miles). Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 travels through the Klethla Valley on an arrow-straight route to Black Mesa. Photo taken 10/26/08.
This overpass takes coal from the strip mine on Black Mesa across the highway to a loading dock next to the railroad. This is where the Black Mesa and Lake Powell Railroad begins. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Advance signage for Navajo National Monument and Arizona 564, 1/2 mile. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Continue ahead on U.S. 160 to reach Kayenta, turn right for Black Mesa, or turn left for Arizona 564 to Navajo National Monument at the next intersection. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Arizona 564 departs from U.S. 160 here. The road is a nine mile road to Navajo National Monument, which preserves two ancestral Puebloan dwellings. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Distance sign to Kayenta (19 miles) and Four Corners (95 miles). Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 now descends into Long House Valley. Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 passes through the village of Tsegi. Tsegi holds a lodge for travellers, and is named from the Navajo word "Tse-Yi", meaning "among the cliffs". Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 now enters the outskirts of Kayenta. A number of commercial businesses are located on the western outskirts of Kayenta. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Advance signage for U.S. 163, 1/2 mile. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Turn left on U.S. 163 to reach Monument Valley Tribal Park. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Continue ahead on U.S. 160 to reach U.S. 191, or turn left on U.S. 163 to reach Monument Valley. Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 163 departs from U.S. 160 here. Turn right to take Indian Route 591, which rapidly turns into a dirt road. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Distance sign to U.S. 191 (41 miles) and Four Corners (77 miles). Photo taken 10/26/08.
U.S. 160 now passes Church Rock and crosses Church Rock valley. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Continue ahead on U.S. 160 to Four Corners, or turn right on Indian Route 59 to Chilchinbito and Rough Rock. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Indian Route 59 departs from U.S. 160 here. The road travels approximately 40 miles to reach U.S. 191 at Many Farms. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Reassurance marker for U.S. 160 eastbound. Photo taken 10/26/08.
Jumping ahead, we find a distance sign to Four Corners and Cortez, CO. Photo taken 08/05/07.
The wide open views of the Navajo Nation encompass Casa Del Eco Mesa in the distance. Photo taken 08/05/07.
U.S. Highway 64 descends off Nokaito Bench here. The road travels up and down across multiple mesas and benches in the Navajo Nation. Photo taken 08/05/07.
U.S. Highway 160 meets Indian Route 35 here. Use Indian Route 35 northbound to reach the village of Montezuma Creek. Photo taken 08/05/07.
Turn right (south) on Indian Route 35 to reach the village of Sweetwater. Photo taken 08/05/07.
Distance sign to Teec Nos Pos and Four Corners. Photo taken 08/05/07.
U.S. Highway 160 enters the village of Teec Nos Pos here. Photo taken 08/05/07.
The Arizona Port of Entry for U.S. Highway 160 is located in Teec Nos Pos. Commercial vehicles are required to stop when the port of entry is open. Photo taken 08/05/07.
2 photos
Advance signage for U.S. Highway 64. Photo taken 08/05/07.
Unlike other ports of entry, the one on U.S. Highway 160 is essentially a paved road shoulder. The Port of Entry office is located on the other side of the road. Photo taken 08/05/07.
Travellers heading to Shiprock should continue ahead on U.S. Highway 64. Travellers heading to Cortez and Four Corners should turn left to continue eastbound on U.S. Highway 160. Photo taken 08/05/07.
U.S Highway 64 and U.S. Highway 160 separate here. Photo taken 08/05/07.
Now north of Teec Nos Pos, we see this reassurance marker for U.S. Highway 160 (the last reassurance marker in Arizona). Photo taken 08/05/07.
Distance sign to Four Corners Monument and Cortez, CO. Photo taken 08/05/07.
U.S. Highway 160 briefly enters the state of New Mexico, where it meets the short road (NM 597) to the Four Corners Monument. Photo taken 08/05/07.
Turn left here to reach the Four Corners Monument. The Monument is located on the Navajo Nation, and carries a tribal park admission fee. Photo taken 08/05/07.
U.S. 160 west
Welcome to Arizona and the Navajo Nation. Notice the Navajo Nation has a larger welcome sign than the state of Arizona. Photo taken 06/10/07.
Distance sign to Teec Nos Pos and Kayenta. Photo taken 06/10/07.
2 photos
Advance signage for U.S. Highway 64. Photo taken 06/10/07.
U.S. Highway 160 enters the village of Teec Nos Pos here. Photo taken 06/10/07.
Travellers continuing west on U.S. Highway 160 must turn right to continue on U.S. Highway 160. Travellers taking U.S. Highway 64 turn left to head east toward Shiprock. Photo taken 08/05/07.
Turn left to head toward Shiprock, or turn right to continue to Kayenta. Photo taken 08/05/07.

Sources:

  1. Highway Spotlight. 1/3/56, Arizona Highway Department.


Photo Credits:

06/10/07, 08/05/07, 10/26/08 by Kevin Trinkle

Connect with:
U.S. 64
U.S. 89
U.S. 163
U.S. 191
Arizona 564

Page Updated 01-12-2009.