U.S. Route 59
US 59 covers 612 miles, arcing across Texas. US 59 enters Texas in Texarkana at IH 30, dropping south through Jefferson and Marshall to cross IH 20. US 59 continues south through Carthage to turn west at Tenaha, aiming for Nagodoches and Livingston.
Continuing southwest, US 59 becomes a full freeway in Cleveland, and continues southwest into the Houston metropolitan area. Passing the suburbs of Kingwood and the city of Humble, US 59 travels a straight line as the Eastex Freeway toward downtown. The Eastex Freeway was rebuilt in the 1990s, and is one of Houston's least congested freeways.
Swinging around the east and south side of downtown, US 59 becomes the Southwest Freeway, Houston's most congested freeway. From downtown south, the old Montrose elevated is being dropped into a trench and widened to support the high volumes of traffic. US 59 remains a freeway southwest of the Sam Houston Tollway (Beltway 8) and reaches the suburb of Sugar Land.
US 59 returns to an expressway as it leaves Rosenburg, with freeway bypasses slowly being constructed around towns. The road passes around Wharton and Edna before reaching Victoria, the largest town in the region. Named for General Guadalupe Victoria, Mexico's first president, Victoria is a center of agriculture and marks the point where US 77 and US 59 meet. Most of the traffic takes US 77 south to Corpus Christi, leaving US 59 a two lane road until reaching IH 37.
US 59 makes a beeline for Goliad, then Beeville. Beeville was the home of Chase NAS, but has suffered greatly since the base closed in 1987. After Beeville, US 59 meets IH 37 and passes just south of George West, where US 59 crosses US 281. US 59 continues southwest to Freer, before making the lonely jaunt across the South Texas plains to Laredo, ending at IH 35.
US 59 is named the Senator Lloyd Bentsen highway between IH 45 and IH 35. US 59 is part of High Priority Corridor 18, future Interstate 69. Signs are placed along the route south of Houston advertising the future Interstate status.
Future Interstate 69 will have three branches through South Texas - from Victoria to Laredo (current US 59), Victoria to Brownsville (US 77), and George West to McAllen (US 281). All three branches are written into law. East Texas boosters hope the new road will draw NAFTA traffic away from IH 35. However, US 59 from Houston south to George West is very quiet and empty at this point. Construction is in progress to turn US 59 from Beeville to George West into a "Super 2".
There are 9 business loops along US 59:
- BU-59D: Carthage
- BU-59F: Nagodoches
- BU-59G: Lufkin
- BU-59J: Livingston
- BU-59L: Splendora
- BU-59R: Wharton
- BU-59S: El Campo
- BU-59T: Victoria
- BU-59X: George West
U.S. 59 Highway Guides
Page Updated May 22, 2005.