Interstate A1

Interstate A1


Road map of I-A1 in Alaska

Interstate A1 overlays Alaska State Route 1 northeast from Anchorage to SR 2 at Tok and SR 2 along Alaska Highway southeast to the international boundary with Canada at Alcan Border. The bulk of I-A1 follows Glenn Highway, which runs 179.64 miles from 5th Avenue at Airport Heights Street in Anchorage to SR 4 (Richardson Highway) at the community of Glennallen. SR 1 lines 6th Avenue west 1.48 miles to a couplet with 5th Avenue at Ingra Street north and Gambell Street south. Ingra/Gambell Streets are part of I-A3.

Glen Highway is a limited access freeway northeast from Mountain View Drive in Anchorage 34.31 miles to SR 3 (George Parks Highway) at Gateway in Matanuska-Susitna Borough. The remaining 145.31 miles of Glenn Highway east into the Copper River Census Area is a two lane highway with alternating passing lanes.

SR 1 combines with SR 4 along Richardson Highway for 14.04 miles from Glennallen to Gakona Junction. Richardson Highway continues north to Paxson and SR 2 (Delta Junction) while SR 1/I-A1 shift northeast along Tok Cutoff Highway 122.36 miles to SR 2 (Alaska Highway) at Tok in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area.

I-A1 extends another 90.01 miles southeast from Tok (pronounced as toke) along the Alcan Highway to Tetlin Junction, Northway Junction and the Canadian border into Yukon. This stretch is lightly traveled with traffic counts ranging from 260 vehicles per day (vpd) recorded west of Northway Junction to 200 vpd east to Alcan Border in 2020.

Route Information

  • North End – Alcan Border, AK

  • South End – Anchorage

  • Mileage – 408.23

  • Cities – Anchorage, Palmer, Glennallen, Toko

  • Junctions – I-A2 I-A3 I-A4

Source: December 31, 2021 Interstate Route Log and Finders List

Average Annual Daily Traffic

Source: 2020 Average Annual Daily Traffic County, Alaska DOT&PF GIS Shapefile


Glenn Highway was originally built during World War II as part of a route connecting Anchorage with the Alaska Highway.1 With the exception of a 16 mile section within the vicinity of Sheep Mountain, the entire length of Glenn Highway northeast from Anchorage to Glennallen was paved by the end of the 1951 construction season. Coinciding work was underway along Tok Cutoff Highway reconstructing the route to eliminate narrow sections and sharp curves. The highway was also relocated around the east side of Mentasta Lake, reducing the distance between Richardson Highway and Tok by around nine miles.2 Paving operations along the remainder to Tok was completed by 1957.1

South from Tok to Yukon, Canada, the Alaska Highway was paved to milepost 1295, 20 miles beyond Tok by 1955. Reconstruction of the final section of the highway between Northway and the Canadian border at milepost 1221 was underway in Summer and Fall 1955.3

The last section of SR 1 (Glenn Highway) expanded to four lanes between Anchorage and SR 3 (Parks Highway) was the northernmost 8.5 miles. The final construction permit was received from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on August 24, 1990. This allowed work to proceed on adding gravel fill on 110 acres of wetlands for building the roadway across Eklutna Flats. Work adding a second roadway along Glenn Highway from Eklutna to Parks Highway included the addition of four bridges spanning channels of the Knik and Matanuska Rivers. The overall project cost $60 million, with 7% derived from state funds.4

An interchange was eventually constructed where the freeways along SR 1 (Glenn Highway) and SR 3 (Parks Highway) meet near Wasilla. Costing $46 million, the exchange was completed in September 2004. Eliminating a signalized intersection, the project incorporated seven bridges, reducing impacts to adjacent wetlands. The Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities received the Design-Build Excellence Award from the Design-Build Interstate of America for the work in December 2006.5

AARoads Photo Guides

North End – International Border – Alcan Border, Alaska

I-A1 East Alaska State Route 2 South

Interstate A1 south at the U.S. Border Inspection Station

Interstate A1/SR 2 passes by the U.S. Border Inspection Station southbound just beyond Alaska Highway mile marker 1222. 05/08/23

SR 2 (Alaska Highway) south bypassing the U.S. Border Inspection Station

Alaska Highway southbound bypasses the U.S. Border Inspection Station. Canadian customs is 18.1 miles further south in Yukon. 05/08/23

I-A1/SR 2 (Alaska Highway) lower to the Canadian border

Alaska Highway proceeds 0.4 miles south from the Border Inspection Station to the International boundary with Canada. 05/08/23

Alaska Highway south at the international border with Canada.

Interstate A1 concludes at the border with Yukon territory in Canada. 05/08/23

Yukon Welcome Sign on Alaska Highway southbound

Yukon Route 1 continues Alaska Highway south to Haines Junction and the territory capital of Whitehorse. 05/08/23

I-A1 West Alaska State Route 2 North

Alaska Highway north at the United States border.

Alaska Highway (Yukon Route 1) transitions to Alaska State Route 2 north and Interstate A1. 05/08/23

Welcome to Alaska sign at Alcan Border

A welcome sign for Alaska stands at a wayside park straddling the Yukon/Alaska border. 05/08/23

Canada/US International Boundary Marker

International boundary marker at the Yukon and Alaska border along Alaska Highway. 05/08/23

Alaska Time Zone sign

Alaska Highway north enters both the state of Alaska and Alaska Time Zone at the census designated place of Alcan Border. 05/08/23

U.S. Border Inspection Station along Alaska Highway

Interstate A1 and SR 2 (Alaska Highway) default into the U.S. Border Inspection Station northbound at Alcan Border. 05/08/23

South End I-A3 – Anchorage, Alaska

I-A1 Alaska Highway 1 South at I-A3

6th Avenue west at I-A1/Gambell Street in Anchorage, AK.

Interstate A1 ends along SR 1 southbound at the turn from 6th Avenue onto Gambell Street and I-A3. 05/10/23

I-A1 south ends where I-A3 south begins in Anchorage, AK.

I-A3 accompanies SR 1 through south Anchorage, Girdwood, Sterling and Soldotna. 6th Avenue extends west from the end of I-A1 to Downtown Anchorage. 07/27/23

Gambell Street south at I-A1 I-A3 Alaska Highway 1

SR 1 (Gambell Street) south at I-A1 (6th Avenue) north in Anchorage, AK.

I-A3/SR 1 (Gambell Street) south at the northbound beginning of I-A1 along 6th Avenue in Anchorage. 05/10/23

6th Avenue – East at I-A1 I-A3 Alaska Highway 1

6th Ave east at I-A1 north and I-A3 south at Gambell St in Anchorage, AK.

6th Avenue forms a couplet with 5th Avenue through Downtown Anchorage. The pair are part of Interstate A1 east of I-A3/SR 1 and the couplet of Gambell and Ingra Streets. 05/13/23

6th Ave east at Gambell St in Anchorage, AK.

6th Avenue leads east from Downtown Anchorage to become part of Interstate A1 at I-A3/SR 1 south on Gambell Street. 05/13/23

6th Avenue east at SR 1/Ingra Street in Anchorage, Alaska

SR 1 turns from Ingra Street (I-A3) north onto 6th Avenue east beyond Hyder Street. 6th Avenue combines with 5th Avenue in three blocks. 05/10/23


  1. “Paved Glenn Highway Cuts Through Splendid Country” Fairbanks Daily News-Miner (AK), November 20, 1957.
  2. “Road Commission Reports on Activities During Past Year.” Fairbanks Daily News-Miner (AK), November 15, 1951.
  3. “Breakup to Bring Highway Restrictions in Many Areas.” Fairbanks Daily News-Miner (AK), April 5, 1955.
  4. “State Gets Approval for Glenn Highway Work.” Daily Sitka Sentinel (AK), September 7, 1990.
  5. “Interchange project receives national recognition.” Alaska Journal of Commerce (Anchorage, AK), December 2, 2006.

Page updated September 25, 2023.