U.S. 84 crosses Lower Alabama along a 242-mile course from Waynesboro, Mississippi to Donalsonville, Georgia. Nationally a 1,919 mile highway from Pagosa Springs, Colorado to Midway, Georgia, U.S. 84 is also the El Camino Corridor east from Sweetwater, Texas. Much of the route across the Deep South is four lanes wide, with long range plans calling for a continuous four lane corridor from Texas east to the Georgia Gold Coast.

Within southwest Alabama, U.S. 84 connects the towns of Coffeeville and Grove Hill with the Monroe County seat of Monroeville. This alignment includes the first bridge across the Alabama River north of the Interstate 65 corridor at Creola and Stockton. U.S. 84 and I-65 converge outside Evergreen, with U.S. 31 joining U.S. 84 east for 8.8 miles

Further east, U.S. 84 drops southward to Andalusia, where it bypasses the city along side U.S. 29 to the north. Another bypass takes U.S. 84 around Opp with U.S. 331. Alabama 134 provides the most direct route between Opp and Enterprise, while U.S. 84 arcs north to Elba and New Brockton before joining the arterial belt route around Enterprise.

Through the Dothan area, U.S. 84 joins Alabama 210 along the Ross Clark Circle to circumvent downtown while the in-city route is U.S. 84 Business. U.S. 231 and U.S. 431 also accompany U.S. 84 and Alabama 210 on the arterial belt route around Dothan. U.S. 84 remains a four lane highway east from Dothan to the Chattahoochee River into southwest Georgia.

As of 2004, 89.4 miles of U.S. 84 in Alabama were already widened to four lanes, with another 21.2 miles under construction. The five-year plan for four-laning called for expanding an additional 55.8 miles of U.S. 84. That left 77.1 miles without any proposed improvements at the time.1

Used by westward settlers, the El Camino Corridor dates back to the 1800s. U.S. 84 separates with the El Camino Corridor at Sweetwater, with it continuing southwest along old U.S. 80 to El Paso, and south from there to Mexico City, Mexico.

Designated in 1926, U.S. 84 was a fairly short route, starting in Dothan and extending east to Brunswick, Georgia. The route was extended west in 1934 to Grove Hill, and along an overlap with U.S. 43 south to Wagarville to end at Chathom. U.S. 84 was further lengthened west to Texico, New Mexico by 1936.2

West from Grove Hill, U.S. 84 was realigned onto a new 4.51 mile long roadway bypassing the Clarke County seat to the south. AASHTO approved the relocation on April 8, 2000. AASHTO also approved the realignment of U.S. 84 onto the Enterprise bypass, and a new facility east from there to southwestern Dale County, on November 8, 1986. The same meeting saw the establishment of U.S. 84 Business through Enterprise. The former alignment of U.S. 84 today is SR 134 east from Downtown Enterprise, SR 167 to the southeast and SR 92 east through Clayhatchee.


U.S. 84 east
U.S. 84 eastbound at the rural community of Mexia and the southern terminus of Alabama 47. Alabama 47 connects the US route with the Monroe County seat of Monroeville. Alabama 47 cuts through the city center, so a truck route is designated along U.S. 84, Alabama 21 & 41, and Alabama 21 Bypass to circumvent the business district. Photo taken 06/01/02.
Eastbound U.S. 84 leaving the intersection with Alabama 47. This is the first Truck Alabama 47 northbound shield. It might be noted, that U.S. 84 probably followed Alabama 47 into downtown Monroeville and Alabama 136 into nearby Excel originally. Bypasses of older towns like this are common throughout Alabama, created just to "straighten out" the routing of the through highways. A similar example can be found at Alabama 177 loop into Jackson, which was the former roadway for U.S. 43. Photo taken 06/01/02.
A myriad of highway shields face drivers on eastbound U.S. 84 at this intersection midway between Monroeville and Excel. Here is the scoop: Alabama 21 enters the intersection from the rundown towns of Frisco City and Uriah to the south, heading north with Alabama 41 and Truck Alabama 47 into Monroeville proper. Alabama 41 south turns onto U.S. 84 east, with the two highways sharing roadway to the equally decrepit village of Repton. Located within one mile is Alabama 136, a looping highway that ties into Alabama 21/41 near Monroeville to the north, crossing U.S. 84 and dipping into Excel before reemerging at U.S. 84 four miles to the east. Photo taken 06/01/02.
U.S. 84 eastbound at U.S. 331 in downtown Opp. A new bypass east of Opp exists for U.S. 331 motorists around the city, leaving U.S. 84 to handle the brunt of east-west traffic town on its own. Nearby are the western terminus of Alabama 52 and 134. U.S. 84 east and U.S. 331 turn to the north (left) and encounter Alabama 134 while U.S. 331 southbound enters from the left and continues straight in this photograph toward Alabama 52. Photo taken 11/25/01.
A short distance north of downtown Opp (pop. 6607) is the split of U.S. 331 northbound from U.S. 84 eastbound. Traffic continuing straight will reach the capital city of Montgomery in 80 miles. Traffic turning to the right will see the shield in the next photograph. Photo taken 11/25/01.
Eastbound U.S. 84 reassurance shield in a residential area of Opp, posted just east of the overlap with U.S. 331. U.S. 84 travels northeast to the Coffee County seat of Elba in 14 miles before recurving to the southeast to Enterprise in 29 miles. Photo taken 11/25/01.
U.S. 84 west
U.S. 84 westbound reassurance shield, posted just past the Interstate 65 interchange (14 miles to the east of Repton). An abandoned gas station stood across from this sign at the time of the photograph. However, this station has since been resurrected, and is now open for business. There was virtually no traffic on U.S. 84 at the time of this photograph. Photo taken 10/10/99.
Shifting eight miles to the east of the conglomeration of state highways in the above photograph, is the departure of Alabama 41 from U.S. 84. This photograph looks at westbound, with Alabama 41 south leaving the highway. The two highways cross a Norfolk-Southern Railroad line just to the west. Not much to see in Repton, other then a few old homes and abandoned storefronts. Photo taken 06/01/02.

Sources:

  1. "Project to Widen U.S. 84 Creeping Along." Mobile Register (AL), December 12, 2004.
  2. End of US highway 84, US Ends .com


Photo Credits:

  • 10/10/99 by AARoads.
  • 11/25/01 by AARoads and Adam Froehlig.
  • 06/01/02 by AARoads.

Connect with:
Interstate 65
U.S. 31

Page Updated 12-19-2004.