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Interstate 895 South

Interstate 895 south
Now separated from Interstate 95, Interstate 895 begins its journey south. Frequently less traveled than Interstate 95, it makes the same journey as its parent, albeit through a different tunnel and along a more easterly trajectory.
The partial "Y" interchange where Interstates 95 & 895 split underway a major change as part of the HO/T lane project of I-95. The left-hand ramp from I-95 south onto the Harbor Tunnel Thruway was reconfigured so that I-895 (Exit 62) now begins from the right. Additionally future carriageways line the median of I-895 to directly connect the toll road with the I-95 Express Lanes. Photo taken 06/06/12.
Meeting the Harbor Tunnel Thruway first is Moravia Road (Exit 14), a controlled access connector southeast to U.S. 40 west and Interstate 95 south. Note the changes between 2005 and 2012: new overpasses bring the future Express lanes to a merge with the I-895 mainline and the overpass that was the I-95 southbound mainline was removed. Moores Run otherwise flows under the Harbor Tunnel Thruway. Photo taken 08/27/05. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
What was the first southbound shield of Interstate 895 at Moores Run. Photo taken 10/13/04.
Vehicles exceeding 13 feet 16 inches in height must depart Interstate 895 south at either Exits 14 or 12 ahead of the Harbor Tunnel. This height restriction precludes most trucks from using the toll road. Photo taken 06/06/12.
Southbound Interstate 895 at Exit 14, Moravia Road to Junction U.S. 40 (Pulaski Highway) west. Moravia Road, along with Cold Spring Lane to the northeast, provide a semi-arc around north and eastern Baltimore. The unconstructed Winlass Freeway was to stem east from the ramp stubs at Interstate 95 to Interstate 695 (Baltimore Beltway) near Chesaco Park. Photo taken 08/27/05. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
Traveling the Exit 14 off-ramp to Moravia Road in east Baltimore. Moravia Road angles northwest from Interstate 895 to Herring Run Park and the Gardenville neighborhood of the city. Carl Moore adds that after the Harbor Tunnel opened in 1957, drivers had to use U.S. 40 (Pulaski Highway) when traveling between Moravia Road (connection just inside Baltimore to the Harbor Tunnel Thruway) and U.S. 13 (in Delaware). Once the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway opened in November 1963, one could get directly from Interstate 95 to the Harbor Tunnel Thruway (future Interstate 895). From westbound U.S. 40 there was a right-hand turn onto Moravia Road northbound to reach the Thruway. Before the Fort McHenry Tunnel was built but after the approach freeway from Interstate 895 was opened, signs at the Interstate 95 & 895 split read "southeast Baltimore" for the eventual Interstate 95 and "Washington via I-95" for the Harbor Tunnel Thruway.1 Photos taken 10/13/04.
Welcome signage for the Baltimore Harbor Tunnel Thruway posted at the on-ramp from Moravia Road southbound onto Interstate 895. Photo taken 06/06/12.

The second southbound reassurance shield for Interstate 895, posted at the crossing of Herring Run. Photo taken 06/06/12.
Interstate 895 (Harbor Tunnel Thruway) continues southwest and passes under both U.S. 40 and Maryland 151 (Erdman Avenue). The next departure point occurs south of Orangeville at Lombard Street (Exit 12).
Expansion of I-895 adds a southbound auxiliary lane between Moravia Road and Lombard Street. Photo taken 06/01/04. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
Interstate 895 travels a viaduct above several railroad lines including those of AMTRAK, CSX and Norfolk Southern ahead of the next southbound reassurance marker. Photo taken 06/06/12.
Ramps combine and join Interstate 895 south from U.S. 40 and Maryland 151 to form a third southbound lane through to Exit 12 onto Lombard Street east at John Hopkins Bayview Medical Center. Photo taken 12/28/07. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
Exit 12 represents the end of the free portion of Interstate 895 south. A loop ramp joins Lombard Street east ahead of Bayview Boulevard. Lombard Street is a part of unsigned Maryland 150 west from Ponca Street to Haven Street. Maryland 150 follows Ponca Street south from Lombard to Eastern Avenue. Bayview Boulevard provides access to the state route from the partial-cloverleaf interchange with I-895. Photo taken 12/28/07. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
Interstate 895 dips below the Baltimore street grid from between Maryland 150 (Eastern Avenue) and Hudson Street. A reassurance shield follows the Ponca Street on-ramp. Photo taken 06/06/12.
Interstate 95 crosses over Interstate 895 just before both highways descend into their respective tunnels. Between here and Exit 8, there are no further exits on southbound Interstate 895. Interstate 895 has two stops ahead, including a truck check area just prior to the tunnel and the toll plaza. Photo taken 06/06/12.
Interstate 895 rises to pass over the Interstate 95 mainline and the Canton Industrial Area on the approach to the Harbor Tunnel. Photo taken 06/06/12.
Lane control signals follow the Interstate 895 southbound viaduct into the Harbor Tunnel. These lane markers identify which lanes are open/closed for transit through the tunnel. At the time this picture was taken, all lanes were open, two lanes in each direction. Photo taken 07/09/10.
After the "truck check", southbound Interstate 895 descends into the Harbor Tunnel. The toll plaza is at the south end of the tunnel, between the tunnel and the truss bridge over the railroad yards. Photo taken 07/09/10.
The Harbor Tunnel was constructed in 1955-1957 at a cost of $130 million, and it opened in late November 1957 (after Thanksgiving). It carries 23.6 million vehicles per year, and maintenance and operation of the tunnels, including the ventilation systems, require constant oversight. Photo taken 07/09/10.
Southbound Interstate 895 enters the Harbor Tunnel under this marquee. Photo taken 06/06/12.
Inside views of the southbound Harbor Tunnel tube. There is no stopping in the tunnel, and shoulders are limited. Opened on November 29, 1957 after two plus years of construction, the Harbor Tunnel allowed motorists to bypass an in-city route mired with 51 traffic signals and eliminated 40 percent of the commercial through traffic from the city streets. The twin-tubes travel 1.5 miles across the river at a maximum depth of 101 feet. The $130 million tunnel now carries up to 25 million vehicles annually across the Patapsco River.2 Photo taken 07/09/10. Second photo taken 07/09/10. Third photo taken 10/13/04. Fourth photo taken 06/06/12.
Interstate 895 emerges from the Harbor Tunnel, passing between these stone retaining walls en route to ground level. A service road overpass was removed between 2005 and 2007. Photo taken 07/09/10.
Southbound Interstate 895 widens out as it approaches the main line toll plaza. Passenger vehicles are levied a $3.00 toll (as of November 1, 2011). The original toll for the tunnel was set at 40 cents. Increases from $1.00 to $2.00 occurred between 2003 and 2004 and another is set for July 1, 2013 to $4.00 per passenger vehicle. Photo taken 07/09/10.
There are no high-speed EZPass lanes at the Harbor Tunnel toll plaza. Instead a conventional toll lane was converted for EZPass use, requiring motorists to slow down, but not come to a complete stop. Photo taken 07/09/10.
Entering the Harbor Tunnel Thruway toll plaza as Interstate 895 prepares to cross over the CSX Railroad yard at the Brooklyn section of the city. The Maryland Transportation Authority (MDTA) converted their M-TAG System into EZ-Pass to allow account holders from adjoining states usage of their tolled facilities during the mid-2000s. Photos taken 06/06/12.
Beyond the toll plaza, Interstate 895 meets a pair of exits that serve the industrial facilities of Locust Point off the Patapsco River. The first is Exit 8B, which connects to Frankfurst Avenue westbound to Junction Maryland 2. Northbound Maryland 2 (Hanover Street) heads to downtown Baltimore via the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Bridge. Exit 8A, meanwhile, connects to southbound Shell Road to Stonehouse Cove and Curtis Bay. A variety of piers are located toward the end of Shell Road. Photo taken 12/28/07. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
Southbound Interstate 895 next meets Exit 8A, Shell Road south to Chesapeake, Patapsco, and Curtis Avenues for the Fairfield, Wagners Point, Brooklyn Manor, and Curtis Bay areas of the city. Photo taken 12/28/07. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
West of the Frankfurst Avenue underpass, the K-Truss Bridge carries Interstate 895 over a set of CSX Railroad tracks northeast of the Brooklyn street grid. Photo taken 06/06/12.
Views of the K-Truss Bridge from the southbound Interstate 895 carriageway. The shape of the bridge superstructure led to the name of the 1957-opened span.4 Photo taken 12/28/07. Second photo taken 07/09/10.
Interstate 895 travels between a CSX Railroad line and Chesapeake Avenue to the Exit 7 loop ramp onto Maryland 2 (Potee Street) southbound. Maryland 2, no longer acknowledged on new guide signs, travels Potee Street south from the Harbor Tunnel Thruway to Brooklyn Park and Arundel Gardens. Interstate 895 Spur (Exit 6) provides a connection to the state route south of the Baltimore Beltway. Photo taken 08/27/05. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
Maryland 2 follows the Governor Ritchie Highway south of the city line to Glen Burnie and Annapolis. Motorists destined for points south of the beltway should use Interstate 895 Spur in lieu of Maryland 2 through Brooklyn and the outlying suburbs. This overhead was not retained in a sign replacement project. Photo taken 12/28/07.
Drivers taking Exit 7 from Interstate 895 south meet Maryland 2 (Potee Street) southbound ahead of the intersection with Patapsco Avenue west to Clifford and unsigned Maryland 173 east to Brooklyn and Curtis Bay. Maryland 2 exits the city at junction Maryland 170 (Belle Grove Road). Photo taken 08/27/05. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
What was the only state-named shield for Interstate 895 posted on the Harbor Tunnel Thruway mainline. It was removed between 2003 and 2004. Photo taken 06/17/00.
Interstate 895 turns southwest and lines the Patapsco River through a notch of Anne Arundel County. Departing in one half mile is the Exit 6 partial "Y" interchange for Interstate 895 Spur south. Interstate 895 Spur provides a direct connection not only to Maryland 2 (Governor Ritchie Highway), but also Interstate 97 south to Annapolis. Photo taken 08/27/05.
Interstate 895 Spur south from Exit 6 also provides the preferred connection from Interstate 895 to Maryland 3 (Robert Crain Highway) and ultimately U.S. 301 via Interstate 97 southbound. Interstate 97 is a very short route that connects Baltimore with Annapolis, but it is very well-traveled, with a variety of connections to other major regional routes. In addition to the routes shown in signage, a major connection via south Interstate 97 is the U.S. 50 (Interstate 595) freeway, which heads east over the Chesapeake Bay to the Eastern Shore. This direct connection is the main reason why many travelers en route to Annapolis and Ocean City from the northeast opt to use Interstate 895 rather than Interstate 95 to cross the Patapsco River. Photo taken 06/06/12. Second photo taken 08/27/05.
Interstate 895 Spur heads 2.6 miles to Interstate 97 and 2.7 miles south to Maryland 2 (Ritchie Highway). Interstate 97 begins the 17.5-mile drive south through Ferndale and Southgate from the end of the Interstate 895 Spur at Interstate 695 (Baltimore Beltway). There is no access to the beltway via Exit 6. Photo taken 12/28/07. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
The Exit 6 gore point implies that Interstate 895 Spur is Interstate 97 and Maryland 2 south. This is a change from the previous sign that displayed "TO Interstate 97 / Maryland 2". Photo taken 07/09/10.
A former overhead assembly (removed after 2007) touted the exits to Maryland 295 (Baltimore-Washington Parkway) and Interstate 95 south to Washington. Photo taken 06/01/04.
Shifting westward, Interstate 895 spans the Patapsco River amid a marshy area into Baltimore County. Photo taken 07/09/10.
A new one-mile overhead assembly replaced a ground-based sign for Maryland 295 south (Exit 4) on Interstate 895 south by late 2007. Maryland 295 exits the city and crosses the Harbor Tunnel Thruway ahead of Linthicum Heights. Photo taken 06/01/04. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
Since removed, this Beltway sign advised motorists of the connections to Interstate 695. There is no direct access to the outer loop from Interstate 895, motorists must use Maryland 295 south to Exit 7 instead. Photo taken 08/27/05.
Maryland 295 (Baltimore-Washington Parkway) is a major highway connecting Baltimore in the north with the eastern edges of the District of Columbia and the Capital Beltway in the south. As a freeway, the parkway provides a continuous limited access highway between these two points, but due to some substandard design and maintenance by the National Park Service for the stretch between Maryland 175 and U.S. 50, the entire parkway is not part of the Interstate Highway System. Trucks and other commercial vehicles are generally restricted from the portion maintained by the National Park Service. Photo taken 07/11/05. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
A new overhead assembly advises motorists of the following interchange with Interstate 695 north (Exit 3). The close confluence between Interstate 895, the Baltimore Beltway, and the Baltimore-Washington Parkway reduces the need for full interchanges between the Harbor Tunnel Thruway and the other routes. Exit 4 should be used for BWI Airport via Maryland 295 south in addition to the Beltway east to the Francis Scott Key Bridge and Essex. Photo taken 06/06/12.
Maryland 295/Baltimore-Washington Parkway is an excellent alternative to Interstate 95, especially for traffic en route to the Baltimore-Washington International (BWI) Airport from the city. The freeway allows for all vehicles from downtown Baltimore south to Maryland 175, which is several miles south of BWI. In addition, Maryland 295 has a full interchange with both the Maryland 100 and Maryland 32 freeways. Photo taken 07/11/05. Second photo taken 06/06/12.
The next exit along southbound Interstate 895 is Exit 3, Junction Interstate 695 northwest (inner loop), 0.50 mile. Photo taken 07/11/05. Second photo taken 07/09/10.
Exit 3 comprises a two-ramp interchange between Interstate 895 and the Baltimore Beltway. The northbound (inner loop) ramp carries motorists bound for Catonsville, Woodlawn, and Randallstown. Interstate 695 doubles as a bypass route for interests north to Interstate 83 and a commuter route for the numerous suburbs outside Baltimore. Photo taken 07/11/05. Second photo taken 07/09/10.
A classic Maryland Interstate 95 trailblazer was posted along Interstate 895 south after the Beltway in place of a reassurance shield until its removal by 2008. Photo taken 07/11/05.
A cutout for U.S. 1 was also posted along Interstate 895 south until early 2008. These signs likely dated from the original opening of the Harbor Tunnel Thruway and Interstate 95. Photo taken 07/11/05.
The final exit joins Interstate 895 south with U.S. 1 (Washington Boulevard) south over the Patapsco River in one mile. Photo taken 12/26/06. Second photo taken 07/09/10.
Prior to the construction of Interstate 95 and Maryland 295, U.S. 1 (Washington Boulevard) was the principal route between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore. The Harbor Tunnel Thruway defaulted onto Washington Boulevard between 1957 and the 1973-completion of Interstate 95 in Howard County.3 Photo taken 07/11/05. Second photo taken 07/09/10.
Interstate 195 (Metropolitan Boulevard) passes over Interstate 895 at the Exit 1 partial "Y" interchange with U.S. 1 (Washington Boulevard) south. There is no access to Interstate 195 from the Harbor Tunnel Thruway and access to U.S. 1 is only provided in the southbound direction to Elkridge. Photo taken 12/26/06. Second photo taken 07/09/10.
Original concrete of Interstate 895 was paved over with asphalt by 2005. Traffic not taking Exit 1 default onto Interstate 95 in one mile. This gore point sign was replaced with a conventional exit sign by 2008. Photo taken 07/11/05.
The Patapsco River represents the Howard County line across Interstate 895. County line signs were added with the resigning of Interstate 895 in 2008. Photo taken 07/09/10.
As the Harbor Tunnel Thruway crosses the Interstate 95 mainline and prepares to merge onto southbound, the two-lane carriageway narrows to one lane. The end receives much less fanfare than its northerly beginning. Photo taken 07/09/10. Second photo taken 07/11/05.

Sources:

  1. Moore, Carl. "I-895 (Maryland)." Personal email, November 9, 2004.
  2. "The Baltimore Harbor Tunnel (PDF File)." Maryland Transportation Authority.
  3. MDRoads: I-895
  4. "Harbor Tunnel bridge project enters toughest phase for drivers." The Baltimore Sun, August 1, 2012.
Photo Credits:
2000-06-17, 2004-06-01, 2004-10-13, 2005-07-11, 2005-08-27, 2006-12-26, 2007-12-28, 2010-07-09, 2012-06-06 by AARoads

Connect with:
Interstate 95
Interstate 695 - Baltimore Beltway
Maryland 295 - Baltimore-Washington Parkway

Page Updated 08-01-2012.

 
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